In an electrolytic cell, electrical energy is converted to chemical energy.
An electrolytic cell can be defined as an electrochemical device that uses electrical energy to facilitate a non-spontaneous redox reaction. The working principle of conduction by an electrolytic cell is illustrated by a cell in which electrolysis of molten NaCl is done between inert or Nobel electrodes which do not react with it. If the electrodes are non-reactive or inert, the concentration of the electrolyte decreases when the electric current is circulated due to electrolysis.
The three primary components of electrolytic cells are:
- Cathode (which is negatively charged for electrolytic cells)
- Anode (which is positively charged for electrolytic cells)