Pure germanium is used to make transistors and semiconductor devices.
- Germanium, a chemical element places between silicon and tin in Group 14 of the periodic table.
- A hard, grey-white, lustrous and brittle metalloid acts in properties between metals and non-metals.
- The element is mostly distributed in nature, but it’s too reactive to occur free.
- Germanium has a diamond-like structure and its properties are very similar to the physical and chemical properties of silicon.
Uses Of Germanium
- Germanium acts as a semiconductor, commonly doped with arsenic and other elements and used as a transistor in different electronic applications.
- Germanium oxides have a high index of dispersion and refraction, making them ideal for wide-angle camera lenses and microscope objective lenses.
It is also used as an alloying agent in contact with fluorescent lamps and as a catalyst.
Infrared spectroscopes use germanium and germanium oxides because they are transparent to infrared radiation.