What is meant by environment? Why is the environment considered to be a system?


All around us is an environment that comprises the living and non-living objects like soil, water, animals and plants that adapt to their environment. It is the gift of nature that serves to nourish the lives of the world.

In the existence of life on this planet, the environment plays a key role. The word Environment is taken from the French term Environ which means surrounding. Both living and non-living objects present in the world are referred to as an ecosystem, and it is the base of the biosphere that defines the health of the entire earth.

Significance of the environment

  • The environment plays an important role in the sustainable life of the planet and the existence of life.
  • Earth is a house for numerous species of life, and we all rely on the environment for food, air, water, and other requirements.
  • Thus, preserving and maintaining our environment is important for each and every individual.

Impacts on the environment by human activities

Various forms of human activities are specifically related to environmental hazards, including acid rain, ocean acidification, global warming, deforestation, ozone layer depletion, toxic waste disposal, climate change, overpopulation, pollution, and so on.

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