In agriculture, multiple cropping is the method of growing two or more crops in the same piece of land in the same growing seasons instead of one crop. Mixed cropping is also known as inter-cropping, polyculture, or co-cultivation. It is a type of agriculture that requires planting two or more plants simultaneously in the same field, interdigitating the plants so that they grow together.
Widely, the theory is that planting various crops at once saves space because crops in the same field might ripen at varying seasons, and provides a means of environmental benefits.
Typically a mix of legumes and cereals or tuber crops is a common practice in marginal agro-ecological environments. The mixtures can be flexibly arranged to conditions such as late or early onset of the rainy season or status of soil fertility in different fields.