What Is Monobasic Acid?

Basicity of an acid is the number of hydronium ions formed by one molecule of the acid in its aq. solution. A monobasic acid has only one hydrogen ion to donate to a base in an acid-base reaction. Hence, a monobasic molecule has solely one replaceable hydrogen atom. Monobasic acids ionize in water to give only one H+ ion per acid molecule.

Example:

  • HCl
  • HNO3
  • HF
  • HBr

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