What is neutralization of acids and bases?


An acid is any hydrogen-containing substance that is capable of donating a proton to another substance.

Examples: Sulfuric acid [H2SO4], Hydrochloric acid [HCl], Acetic acid [CH3COOH].

A base is a molecule or ion able to accept a hydrogen ion from an acid.

Examples: Sodium hydroxide [NaOH], milk of magnesia [Mg(OH)2], calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2].

Acid-base neutralization

A neutralisation reaction is a chemical reaction that occurs when an acid and a base react quantitatively to produce salt and water as products. The general equation for neutralization reaction is

acid + base(alkali) → salt + water

Examples of neutralisation reaction

  • Titration methods using phenolphthalein.
  • Formation of Sodium Chloride

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