What is plant tissue culture?

Answer:

Plant Tissue Culture is a type of plant breeding technique. Plant cells, tissues, and other organs are preserved and produced under artificial settings using plant tissue culture. This method of breeding was established in the 1950s and is now used in commercial production, laboratories, and the conservation of endangered plant species.

Types of plant tissue culture

Six primary forms of plant tissue culture are

  • Seed
  • Embroyo
  • Callus
  • Organ
  • Protoplast
  • Anther cultures

The totipotency of plant cells, which allows a single cell from any area of the plant to be used to grow a new plant, is used in the plant tissue culture technique.

Uses of Tissue Culture

Tissue culture is utilised in micropropagation, which is when genetically engineered plants are propagated from a single plant. It has a number of advantages, the two most important of which are,

  • The production of commercially important plants
  • The development of disease-free plants

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