what is plasticity in physics?

In the fields of material science and physics, the plasticity of a solid substance can be defined as the ability of that solid to undergo deformation in its shape, which is a non-reversible change in the shape of the solid object and can be considered as the response of the object to an external force applied to it.

  • When solids are bent or beaten into a specific (desired) shape, the permanent changes in the shape of the material as a consequence of its plasticity can be considered as a property of the material itself (since the changes occur within it).
  • In the field of engineering, the transition of a material from elastic behaviour to plastic behaviour is commonly referred to as the yield of that material.

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