What is pollination? State its significance.

Answer:

The transfer of pollen grains from the anther of a flower to the stigma of the same or a different flower is called pollination. Pollination helps in fertilisation by bringing the male gamete (male pronucleus) closer to the female (egg) and allowing their fusion. Thus it helps in the production of seeds and fruits and thereby help in reproduction as the seeds formed helps in generation of new offsprings. Cross-pollination helps in the introduction of new variations in plants.

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