What is Saha Equation?

Saha’s equation is a useful result of combining quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics to explain the spectral classification of stars.
It tells the degree of ionization of a gas in thermal equilibrium by relating it to the pressure and temperature of the gas. The Saha’s equation depicts the dependence of ionization of gas on various physical parameters. It is which that relates the ionization state of a gas in thermal equilibrium to the temperature and pressure.

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