Anthrax is caused by infection with Bacillus anthracis, a hardy, spore-forming bacterium that can survive in extreme conditions for a long time.
What are Anthrax and its causes?
Anthrax is a serious infectious disease caused by gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria known as Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax can be found naturally in soil and commonly affects domestic and wild animals around the world. Domestic and wild animals such as cattle, sheep, goats, antelope, and deer can become infected when they breathe in or ingest spores in contaminated soil, plants, or water. In areas where domestic animals have had anthrax in the past, routine vaccination can help prevent outbreaks.
- A skin-related (cutaneous) anthrax infection enters your body through your skin, usually through a cut or other sore.
- A gastrointestinal anthrax infection results from eating undercooked meat from an infected animal.
- Inhalation anthrax develops when you breathe in anthrax spores.