The term allotrope refers to one or more physical forms of a chemical element that occurs in the same physical state. Allotropes may show differences in chemical and physical properties.
Properties of Allotropes
- Allotropes are various structural types of the same element and therefore can exhibit different physical and chemical properties.
- The allotropic forms change is caused by the same forces that influence other structures, namely a light, pressure and temperature.
- Thus the stability of the different allotropes relies on specific conditions.
graphite and diamond are both allotropes of carbon that occur in the solid-state