Latitudes and longitudes are commonly referred to as geographical coordinates. They provide a systematic network of lines upon which the position of various surface features of the earth, can be represented. With the help of these coordinates, the location, distance and direction of various points can be easily determined. The locations on the Earth’s surface are determined by two reference lines known as latitude and longitude. In the table below, we have given the various difference between latitude and longitude.
- Latitudes: All parallel circles from the equator up to the poles are called parallels of latitudes. Latitudes are measured in degrees.
- Longitudes: The vertical lines running north-south, join the two poles. They are called the meridians of longitude. They are spaced farthest apart at the equator and converge at a point at each pole.
|Latitude implies the geographic coordinates that determine the distance of a point, north-south of the equator.||Longitude alludes to the geographic coordinate, which identifies the distance of a point, east-west of the Prime Meridian.|
|It is known as parallels||It is known as meridians|
|The length of the lines are different||The length of the lines are the same|
|It classifies heat zones||It classifies time zones|
|There are 180 latitude lines||There are 360 longitude lines|