The function of xylem in any plant is to transport water and minerals from root to all aerial parts of the plant body.
Xylem is a type of tissue in vascular plants that transports water and some nutrients from the roots to the leaves.
- The main function of the xylem is to transport water and some soluble nutrients, including minerals and inorganic ions, upwards from the roots to the rest of the plant.
- Xylem is made up of several types of cells.
- Tracheids are long cells that help transport xylem sap and also provide structural support.
- Vessel elements are shorter than tracheids but also help conduct water.
Components of xylem
- Xylem vessels
- Xylem fibres
- Xylem parenchyma
Xylem tissue consists of a variety of specialized, water-conducting cells known as tracheary elements. All the components of the xylem except xylem parenchyma are dead, hence xylem is non-living tissue.