What is the function of xylem in ferns?


The function of xylem in any plant is to transport water and minerals from root to all aerial parts of the plant body.


Xylem is a type of tissue in vascular plants that transports water and some nutrients from the roots to the leaves.

  • The main function of the xylem is to transport water and some soluble nutrients, including minerals and inorganic ions, upwards from the roots to the rest of the plant.
  • Xylem is made up of several types of cells.
  • Tracheids are long cells that help transport xylem sap and also provide structural support.
  • Vessel elements are shorter than tracheids but also help conduct water.

Components of xylem

Xylem is the tissue that helps in the transport of water and dissolved substances throughout the plant. Xylem is located in the roots, stems and leaves of the plant. It is composed of four elements

  • Tracheids
  • Xylem vessels
  • Xylem fibres
  • Xylem parenchyma

Xylem tissue consists of a variety of specialized, water-conducting cells known as tracheary elements. All the components of the xylem except xylem parenchyma are dead, hence xylem is non-living tissue.

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