Reproduction is an important survival strategy that is used to ensure the continuation of a species. Hence, without reproduction, life would cease to exist. Reproduction can primarily be classified into two types – sexual and asexual.
Most higher organisms (such as humans) use sexual reproduction while lower, unicellular organisms use asexual modes of reproduction. There are various types of sexual reproduction. These can range from internal fertilization and external fertilization to allogamy and autogamy.
There are various types of asexual reproduction too. The most common types are budding, binary fission, fragmentation and spore formation.
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