The partial charges present on an atom are always less than the unit charge (1.6 x 10-19 C) because of electron sharing effect.
- When measured in elementary charge units, a partial charge is a non-integer charge value.
- Net atomic charge is another term for partial charge.
- The Greek lowercase letter 𝛿 or 𝛿− or 𝛿 is used to denote it.
- The asymmetric distribution of electrons in chemical bonds generates partial charges.