What is the role of decomposers in the ecosystem?


An ecosystem is characterized as a community of lifeforms that competes with non-living components and interacts with one another. Decomposers include saprophytes such as fungi and bacteria. They directly thrive on the dead and decaying organic matter. Decomposers are essential for the ecosystem as they help in recycling nutrients to be reused by plants.

Following is the role of a decomposer in the ecosystem:

  • First, they act as a cleansing agent of the environment by decomposing dead plants and animals.
  • They help in recycling the nutrients.
  • They provide space for new being in the biosphere by decomposing the dead.
  • They help put back the various elements into water, soil and air for the reuse of producers like crop plants.

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