What is the structure of black phosphorus?

The structure of black phosphorus is as follows:

  • Atoms are linked together in a puckered sheets like graphite
  • The adjacent layers are held 368 pm apart.
  • The atoms within a layer are more strongl bound than the atoms in adjacent layers.
  • Since it is highly polymeric, it has high density.
  • It is the most stable (inactive) form of phosphorus and has a black metallic luster.
  • It is a good conductor of heat and electricity.
  • It has a sharp m.p. of 860 K.
  • Its specific gravity is 2-69.
  • It does not burn in air even upto 673 K.

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