What is the use of study of fossils?


Fossils are the remains or traces of ancient life that have been preserved by natural processes. Examples of fossil include shells, bones, stone imprints of animals or microbes, exoskeletons, objects preserved in amber, petrified wood, coal, hair, oil, and DNA remnants.

Types of fossils

The five types of fossils are

  • Body Fossils
  • Molecular Fossils
  • Trace Fossils
  • Carbon Fossils
  • Pseudofossils


  • The study of fossils and the evolution of life on Earth is known as palaeontology.
  • It is a historical science that seeks to explain historical phenomena and recreate their causes.
  • It is situated somewhere between biology and geology.
  • The primary source of evidence for palaeontology is fossils found in rocks.
  • The study of fossils is significant as it helps us to know about the evolutionary relationships between different organisms and thus tells how far this relationship goes.

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