What Is The Valency Of Carbon?

Valency of an element is a measure of its combining power with other atoms when it forms chemical compounds or molecules. Carbon has four valence electrons and here a valence of four.

The valency of Carbon depends on the following factors:

  • To complete the octate, either carbon gains four electrons or loose four electrons.
  • However, if Carbon gains electrons then it would be hard for the nucleus to hold four additional electrons as carbon atom is very small in size.
  • If Carbon losses its electrons then it required a large amount of energy to remove four electrons of the nucleus.
  • Carbon makes four covalent bonds and attains the noble gas configuration by sharing it’s valence electrons.

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