What type of shielding is normally used to protect against X-rays?

X-rays are a form of ionizing radiation. They are high-energy photons (electromagnetic radiation) released when inner shell electrons that have been excited to higher energy levels release their excess energy. 

They are like gamma-ray with longer-wavelength and can have lower energy than gamma radiation. Radiation shielding is the ability to reduce a wave or ray’s effect by blocking the particles through a barrier or shield. Since X-rays have higher energy levels than those displayed by ultraviolet or visible light, high-density materials like lead and very thick glasses of certain refractivity are more effective in blocking or shielding them.

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