The main intention behind drawing up the ‘Treaty of Vienna’ of 1815 was to undo all the changes that were implemented across Europe during the reign of Napoleon, create a new conservative order in Europe, and restore the monarchies which were overthrown by Napoleon.
Treaty of Vienna – 1815
This treaty was drawn up by the delegates of Prussia, Russia, Austria, and Britain – who had collectively defeated Napoleon. The Treaty of Vienna was drawn up by these delegates. Austrian Chancellor Duke Metternich was the host of the Congress.
- France lost the territories which it had won during the Napoleonic wars.
- The Bourbon dynasty was restored to power. This dynasty had lost its power after the French Revolution.
- To prevent expansion of France in the future, a series of states were set up on the boundaries of France.
- Genoa was added to the Piedmont to the South.
- In the North, the Kingdom of Netherlands was set up which included Belgium.
- New territories were added to the Western frontiers of Prussia.
- Control of Northern Italy was handed over Austria.
- The 39 states which made the German confederation, which was established by Napoleon, were left untouched.
- A part of Saxony was given to Prussia.
- A part of Poland was given to Russia.