Which chlorides does Li and Mg form?

Answer:

Both LiCl and MgCl2 are deliquescent, absorbing moisture from the environment and soluble in alcohol and pyridine. As hydrated crystals, they separate from aqueous solutions.

Lithium chloride (LiCl)

  • Lithium chloride is a hygroscopic white solid that dissolves in water, alcohol, and ether.
  • Hydrochloric acid reacts with lithium hydroxide to produce it.
  • The resulting solution is evaporated to get a mixture of saturated solution and lithium chloride crystals.
  • Lithium chloride is a solid which absorbs water to form a hydrate, LiCl.H2O

Magnesium chloride (MgCl2)

  • Magnesium Chloride is also called Magnesium dichloride or magnesium (II) chloride or Chloromagnesite and has one magnesium (Mg) and two chloride ions (Cl-)
  • MgCl2 can be extracted from seawater or brine and is chemically named as Magnesium Chloride.
  • Magnesium dichloride and its salts are ionic halides and appear as thin white to gray granules.
  • It is odourless and is highly soluble in water. It is widely used as a medicine for various cellular activities.

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