Terraced farming is a method of growing crops on sides of hills or mountains by planting on graduated terraces built into the slope. Terrace farming is practised mainly in hilly areas. In India, it is practised in hilly areas mainly like Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and some northeast states. It is also practised in South area, like Andhra Pradesh.
Types of terrace farming
Terrace farming is of two types, namely bench and ridge type terrace.
- Bench terrace – bench terraces reduce the land slope.
- Ridge terraces remove or retain water on slopes. Ridge type terrace is of two types, namely narrow-based and broad-based.
Examples of crops grown using terrace farming
- Some crops that are grown using terrace farming are – paddy, cereals, fruits, vegetables, flowers, medicinal plants, aromatic plants, dye plants, wheat, maize, rice, pulses, oilseeds etc.
- The major fruit crops are apple, subtropical and temperate fruits including nuts and dry fruits.
- Tea and hops are important commercial crops in the high lands of the western Himalaya.