Black soil is known as self ploughing soil. It is also known cotton soil and internationally it is known as ‘Tropical Chernozems’. This type of soil is used for rice, wheat, sugarcane, and cotton. It is additionally used to produce groundnut, millet, and oilseeds. Black soil is ideal for growing crops that are cotton, sugarcane, tobacco, wheat, millets, and oilseeds. Black soil is to be the best variety of soil for the cultivation of cotton.
Black soil is self ploughing soil
Black soil is known as self ploughing soil due to the following reasons:
- It is a clayey soil
- It contains or retains moisture in it
- Comprises rich nutrients like magnesium and potassium
- It also develops cracks during summer that helps to expose to sunlight and water during monsoon
- It can retain water up to high capacity
- Swells and becomes sticky when wet
Due to all the above-mentioned reasons, the cultivation and ploughing process for the farmers becomes easy and the crop grows well as compared to the crops on other soil. Black soil is best for growing cotton. Other than cotton sugarcane, wheat, cereals, millets are also cultivated on this black soil.