Terrace farming is suitable in hilly areas.
The act of constructing steps or terraces on mountain slopes to carry out farming activities is known as terrace farming. Terrace cultivation is practised in India in the states of Punjab, Meghalaya, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh Plains, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttaranchal.
Types of terrace farming
Terrace farming is of two types, namely bench and ridge type terrace.
- Bench terrace – bench terraces reduce the land slope.
- Ridge terraces – Ridge terraces remove or retain water on slopes. Ridge type terrace is of two types, namely narrow-based and broad-based.