The neutron was discovered by James Chadwick by bombarding a thin sheet of beryllium by Î±-particles.
- Neutrons are subatomic particles that are one of the primary constituents of atomic nuclei. They are usually denoted by the symbol n or no.
- Neutrons do not have any net electric charge associated with them.
- Inside the nucleus of the atom, the protons and the neutrons are bound together via nuclear forces. For the stability of atomic nuclei, the presence of neutrons is a must.
- The only exception to this rule is the protium nucleus.
- One of the most important applications of neutrons is in nuclear reactors to facilitate nuclear fission reactions, and in some cases, nuclear fusion reactions.