Halogenation proceeds via a free radical chain mechanism.
Halogenation refers to a type of chemical reaction that involves the replacement of a halogen atom with another substance wherein the halogen atom ends up as a part of that substance or a compound. In general, during the reaction, there is usually an addition of one or more halogens to the substance.
- When one or more halogens are added to a material, it undergoes halogenation.
- Fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, and astatine are all halogens in the periodic table’s seventh column.
- The order of reactivity is Fluorine > Chlorine > Bromine > Iodine
- The end product of a halogenation reaction is known as a halogenated compound.