Lysosomes are sphere-shaped sacs filled with hydrolytic enzymes that have the capability to break down many types of biomolecules. Lysosomes are known as suicide bags of the cell because they contain lytic enzymes capable of digesting cells and unwanted materials.
Functions of Lysosomes
- The main lysosomes task is digestion and waste removal. Cellular debris or foreign particles are pulled into the cell via the endocytosis process.
- The endocytosis cycle happens when the cell membrane falls on itself, forming a vacuole or pouch around the external contents and then bringing those contents into the cell.
- When lysosomes burst, the lytic enzymes within the organelle spill all over the cell, rupturing the cell membrane or cell wall and inducing the death of the cell.