Write a short on isotpes

There are many elements in chemistry. Each having different properties and composition. The property of an element completely depends on the number of protons, electrons and neutrons present in it.

What are isotopes?

The elements that have the same atomic number but a different mass number are called isotopes.  Isotopes occur due to the presence of a different number of neutrons in elements having the same atomic number as mass number is the sum of the number of neutrons and protons. The isotope mainly deals with the variation in the atomic mass or weight of an element.

Examples

Carbon

Carbon has three isotopes: Carbon-12, Carbon-13, and Carbon-14.

Carbon-12: It contains six number of neutrons

Carbon-13: It contains seven number of neutrons

Carbon-14: It contains eight number of neutrons

Hydrogen

Hydrogen has three stable isotopes namely Protium, Deuterium, and Tritium

Protium: It contains zero neutrons

Deuterium: It contains one neutron

Tritium: It contains two neutrons

 

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