Digestion is a vital process where complex food substances are broken down into simpler and absorbable molecules so that they could be easily absorbed by the different cells and tissues. The digestive system consists of the alimentary canal and accessory organs. Their main function is to break down the ingested food into its components and produce vital nutrients and energy required to sustain life.
Accessory organs are organs that are not part of the digestive system; however, they aid in the digestion process by performing many secondary functions. The main accessory organs of the digestive system are the
- Gall bladder
Steps involved in the digestion of food
The process of digestion involves the following steps, namely:
- Mixing and Movement
Disorders of the digestive system
4 disorders of the digestive system are as follows:
- Diarrhea – it is the abnormal frequency of bowel movements and increased liquidity of the fecal discharge
- Jaundice – as the liver is affected, it affects the skin, eyes cause them to turn yellow due to the deposition of bile pigments
- Constipation – retainment of feces in the colon as bowel movements occur not so frequently
- Indigestion – food is not digested properly causing a feeling of fullness.