RS Aggarwal Class 9 Solutions Lines And Triangles

RS Aggarwal Class 9 Solutions Chapter 4

Q1: Define the following terms

(i)angle

(ii) Interior of an angle.

(iii) Obtuse angle

(iv) Reflex angle

(v) Complementary angles

(vi) Supplementary angles

Answer :

(i) Two rays OA and OB, with a common end-point 0, form an angle AOB that is represented as AOB .

(ii) The interior of an angle is the set of all points in its plane, which lie on the same side of OA as B and also on the same side of OB as A.

– ► B

(iii) An angle greater than 90° but less than 180° is called an obtuse angle.

(iv) An angle greater than 180° but less than 360° is called a reflex angle.

Reflex angle

(v) Two angles are said to be complementary if the sum of their measures is 90°.

(vi) Two angles are said to be supplementary if the sum of their measures is 180°.

Q2: If A=362746 and B=284339, find A+B.

Ans:

angle A + angle B = [(36o27’46”) + (28o43’39”)]

We know that    1o = 60 mins or 60’

1’ = 60 sec or 60”

 

Deg Min Sec
36 27 46
28 43 39
65 11 25

Hence, the measure of the required angle = 65o 11’ 25”

Q3: Find the difference between two angles measuring 36and242830.

Ans:

We know that 36o = 35o 59’ 60”

Deg Min Sec
35 59 60
24 28 30
11 31 30

Hence, the measure of the required angle = 11o 31’ 60”

Q4: Find the complement of each of the following angles.

(i) 58o

(ii) 16o

(iii) 23 of a right angle

(iv) 46o 30’

(v) 52o 43’ 20”

(vi) 68o 35’ 45”

Ans:

(i) Complement of 58o = (90 -58)o = 32o

(ii) Complement if 16o = (90 – 16)o = 74o

(iii) 23 of a right angle = (90×23)o=60o

Complement of 23 of a right angle = (90 – 60)o = 30o

(iv) We know that 90o = 89o 60’

Complement of 46o 30’ = (89o 60’ – 46o 30’)o = 43o 30’

(v) We know that 90o = 89o 60’

Complement of 52o 43’ 20” = [(89o 59’ 60”) – (52o 43’ 20”)]

Deg Min Sec
89 59 60
52 43 20
37 16 40

Hence, the measure of angle = 37o 16’ 40”

(vi) We know that 90o = 89o 59’ 60”

Complement of 68o 35’ 45” – [(89o 59’ 60”) – (68o 35’ 45”)]

Deg Min Sec
89 59 60
68 35 45
21 24 15

Hence, the measure of the required angle = 21o 24’ 15”

Q5: Find the supplement of each of the following angles.

(i) 63°

(ii) 138°

(iii) 35 of a right angle

(iv) 75° 36′

(v) 124° 20′ 40″

Ans:

(i) Supplement of 63° = (180 – 63)o =117o

(ii) Supplement of 138° = (180 – 138)° =42o

(iii) 35 of a right angle = (35×90) = 54°

Supplement of 35 of a right angle = (180 – 54)o = 126°

(iv) We know that 180° = 179° 60′

Supplement of 75° 36′ = (179° 60′ – 75° 36′) = 104° 24′

(v) We know that 180° = 179° 59′ 60″

Supplement of 124° 20′ 40″ = (179′ 59′ 60″ —124° 20′ 40″)

Deg Min Sec
179 59 60
124 20 40
55 39 20

Hence, the measure of the required angle = 55o 39’ 20”

Q6: Find the measure of an angle which is

(i) Equal to its complement.

(ii) Equal to its supplement.

Ans:

(i) Let the measure of the required angle be x°.

Then, in case of complementary angles:

x + x = 90°

= 2x = 90°

= x = 45°

Hence, measure of the angle that is equal to its complement is 45°.

(ii) Let the measure of the required angle be x°.

Then, in case of supplementary angles:

x—x=180°

= 2x = 180°

= x = 90°

Hence, measure of the angle that is equal to its supplement is 90°.

Q7: Find the measure of an angle which is 36 more than its complement.

Ans:

Let the measure of the required angle be x°.

Then, measure of its complement = (90 – x)o .

Therefore,

X – (90° – x) = 36°

2x = 126°

X = 63°

Hence, the measure of the required angle is 63°.

Q8: Find the measure of an angle which is 25 less than its supplement.

Ans:

Let the measure of the required angle be x.

Then, measure of its supplement = (180° – x).

Therefore, (180° – x) – x = 25°

2x = 155°

x = 77.5°

Hence, the measure of the required angle is 77.5°.

Q9: Find the angle which is four times its complement.

Ans:

Let the measure of the required angle be x.

Then, measure of its complement = (90° – x).

Therefore,

x = (90° – x) 4

x = 360° – 4x

5x = 360°

x = 72°

Hence, the measure of the required angle is 72°.

Q10: Find the angle which is five times its supplement.

Ans:

Let the measure of the required angle be x.

Then, measure of its supplement = 180° – x.

Therefore, x = (180° – x) 5

X = 900° – 5x

6x = 900°

x = 150°

Hence, the measure of the required angle is 150°.

Q11: Find the angle whose supplement is four times its complement.

Sol:

Let the measure of the required angle be x°.

Then, measure of its complement = (90 – x)o

And, measure of its supplement= (180 – x)o

Therefore,

(180 – x) = 4(90 – x)

180 – x = 360 – 4x

3x = 180

x = 60

Hence, the measure of the required angle is 60°.

Q12: Find the angle whose complement is one-third of its supplement.

Answer :

Let the measure of the required angle be x°.

Then, the measure of its complement = (90 – x).

And the measure of its supplement = 180 – x°.

Therefore, 90 – x =13(180 – x)

3(90 – x) = (180 – x)

270 – 3x = 180 – x

2x = 90

x = 45

Hence, the measure of the required angle is 45°.

Q13: Two supplementary angles are in the ratio 3:2. Find the angles.

Answer :

Let the two angles be 3x and 2x, respectively.

Then,

3x + 2x = 180

5x = 180

X = 36°

Therefore, the two angles are

3x = 3 x 36° = 108° and 2x = 2 x 36° = 72°.

Q14: Two complementary angles are in the ratio 4:5. Find the angles.

Answer :

Let the two angles be 4x and 5x, respectively.

Then, 4x + 5x = 90

9x = 90

X = 10°

Hence, the two angles are

4x = 4 x 10° = 40° and 5x = 5 x 10° = 50°.

Q15: Find the measure of an angle, if 7 times its complement is 10 less than three times its supplement.

Answer :

Let the measure of the required angle be x°.

Then, the measure of its complement = (90 – x)°.

And the measure of its supplement = (180 – x)°.

Therefore, 7(90 – x) = 3(180-x) – 10

= 630 – 7x = 540 – 3x-10

= 4x = 100

= x = 25

Hence, the measure of the required angle is 25°.

Question 16: In the adjoining figure, AOB is a straight line. Find the value of x.

                              

Ans: We know that the sum of angles in a linear pair is 180o.

Therefore,

AOC+BOC = 180o

62o+xo=180o
xo=(180o62o)
x=118o

Hence, the value of x is 118o

Question 17: In the adjoining figure, AOB is a straight line. Find the value of x. Hence find AOC and BOD.

                          

Ans:  As AOB is a straight line, the sum of angles on the same side of AOB, at a point O on it, is 180o

Therefore,

AOC+COD+BOD=180o
(3x6)o+55o+(x+20)o=180o
4x=111o
x=27.5o

Hence,

AOC=3x6

=3 x 27.5-6

=76.5o

And BOD=x+20

= 27.5+20

= 47.5o

Question 18: In the adjoining figure, AOB is a straight line. Find the value of x. Hence find AOC, COD and BOD.

                        

Ans: AOB Is a straight line. Therfore,

AOC+COD+BOD
(3x+7)o+(2x19)o+xo=180o
6x=192o
x=32o

Therefore,

AOC = 3×32o+7=103o

COD =2×32o – 19 = 45o and

BOD = 32o

Question 19: In the adjoining figure, x:y:z = 5:4:6 . If XOY is a straight line, find the value of x,y,z .

                                    

Ans: Let x = 5a; y = 4a and z = 6a

XOY is a straight line. Therefore

XOP+POQ+YOQ=180o

5a + 4a + 6a = 180o

15a = 180o

a = 12o

Therefore,

x = 5 x 12o = 60o

y = 4 x 12o = 48o

and z = 6 x 12o =72o

Question 20: In the adjoining figure, what value of x will make AOB, a straight line?                                      

Ans:

AOB will be a straight line, if

3x + 20 + 4x – 36 = 180o

7x = 196o

X = 28o

Hence, x = 28 will make AOB a straight line.

Question 21: Two line AB and CD intersect at O. If AOC=50, find AOC,BODandBOC.                                

Ans: We know that if two line intersect then the vertically opposite angles are equal. Therefore, AOC=BOD=50o

Let AODBOC=xo

Also, we know that the sum of all angles around a point is 360o

Therefore,

AOC+AOD+BOD+BOC=360o

50 + x + 50 + x = 360o

2x = 260o

X = 130o

Hence, AOD=BOC=130o

Therefore,

AOD=130o,BOD=50oandBOC=130o

Question 22: In the adjoining figure, three coplanar lines AB,CD and EF intersect at a point O, forming angles as shown. Find the value of x,y,z and t.                                

Ans: We know that if two lines intersect, then the vertically opposite angles are equal.

therefore, BOD=AOC=90o

Hence, t=90o

Also,

DOF=COE=50o

Since, AOB is a straight line, we have

AOC+COE+BOE=180o

90 + 50 + y = 180o

140 + y =180o

Y = 40o

Also,

BOE=AOF=40o

Hence, x = 40o

Therefore, x = 40o, y = 40o, z = 50o and t = 90o

Question 23: In the adjoining figure, three coplanar lines AB, CD and EF intersect at a point O. Find the value of x. Hence find AOD,COEandAOE.                 

                             

Ans: We know that if two line intersect, then the vertically opposite angles are equal.

therefore, DOF=COE=5xo

AOD=BOC=2xo and

AOE=BOF=3xo

Since, AOB is a straight line, we have

AOE+COE+BOC=180o

3x + 5x + 2x =180o

10x = 180o

X = 18o

Therefore,

AOD=2×18o=36o
COE=5×18o=90o
AOE=3×18o=54o

Question 24: Two adjacent angles on a straight line are in the ration 5:4. Find the measure of each one of these angles.

Ans:  Let the two adjacent angles be 5x and 4x, respectively

Then,

5x + 4x = 180o

9x = 180o

x = 20o

Hence, the two angles are 5 x20o = 100o and 4 x 20o = 80o

Question 25: If two straight lines intersect each other in such a way that one of the angles formed measures 90, show that each of the remaining angles measures 90.

Ans:

We know that if two lines intersect, then the vertically opposite angles are equal.

AOC=90o. Then AOC=BOD=90o

And let BOC=AOD=x

Also, we know that the sum of all angles around a point is 360o.

AOC+BOD+AOD+BOC=360o

90o +90o + x + x = 360o

2x = 180o

x =90o

Hence, BOC=AOD=90o

Therefore, angle AOC = angle BOD = angle BOC = angle AOD = 90^{o}

Hence, the measure of each of the remaining angles are 90o

Question 26: Two lines AB and CD intersect at a point O such that angleBOC+angleAOD=280, as shown in the figure. Find all the four angles.                           

                               

Ans:  We know that if two lines intersect, then the vertically-opposite angles are equal.

Let BOC=AOD

Then,

x + x = 280

2x = 280

x = 140o

therefore, BOC=AOD=140o

Also, let AOC=BOD=yo

We know that the sum of all angles around a point is 360o.

therefore, AOC+BOC+BOD+AOD=360o

y + 140 + y + 140 = 360o

2y = 80o

Y = 40o

Hence, AOC=BOD=40o

Therefore, BOC=AOD=140o and AOC=BOD=40o

Question 27: In the given figure, ray OC is the bisector of AOB and OD is the ray opposite to OC. Show that AOD=BOD.

                          

Ans:

Since DOC is a straight line, we have

BOD+COB=180o …(1)

AOC+AOD=180o …(2)

From (1) and (2), we get:

BOD+COB=AOC+AOD

Also, COB=AOC [Since OC is a bisector of AOB ]

Therefore, AOD=BOD


Practise This Question

On decreasing the temperature, the solubility of solute in solution ______.