Volume and Surface Area are different metrics that are used for calculation of different shapes and figures. The area of a simple curve can be defined as the amount of space inside the object and the volume of a 3D shape is the amount of space displaced by an object. Knowing the formulas for the calculation of different shapes is useful to calculate the volume and areas with the given metrics.

The different geometrical shapes that we can calculate for Volume and Surface Area are:

- Circle
- Triangle
- Right Triangle
- Square
- Rectangle
- Trapezoid
- Cube
- Prism
- Pyramid
- Sphere
- Parallelogram

Check out the RS Aggarwal Class 9 Solutions Chapter 13 Volume and Surface Area

## Solution Of RS Aggarwal For Class 9 Chapter 13

Volume and Surface Area Exercise 13.1 |

Volume and Surface Area Exercise 13.2 |

Volume and Surface Area Exercise 13.3 |

**Q.1:** **Find the volume, lateral surface area and the total surface area of the cuboid whose dimensions are:**

**(i) Â length = 12 cm, breadth = 8 cm and height = 4.5 cm.**

âˆ´ Volume of cuboid = l Ã— b Ã— h

= (12 Ã—8 Ã—4.5) cm^{3}

âˆ´ Lateral surface area of a cuboid = 2(l + b) Ã— h

= [2(12 + 8) Ã— 4.5] cm^{2}

= ( 2 Ã— 20 Ã— 4.5) cm^{2} = 180 cm^{2}

âˆ´ Total surface area of cuboid = 2(lb + bh + lh)

= 2(12 Ã— 8) = (8 Ã— 4.5) + (4.5 Ã— 12) cm^{2}

= 2(96 + 36 + 54) cm^{2} = 2(186) cm^{2} = 372 cm^{2}

**(ii) Length = 26 m, breadth = 14 m and height = 6.5 m**

âˆ´ Volume of cuboid = l Ã— b Ã— h = (26 Ã— 14 Ã— 6.5) m^{3} = 2366 m^{3}

âˆ´ Lateral surface area of a cuboid = 2(l + b) Ã— h

= [2(26 + 14) Ã— 6.5] m^{2} =(2 Ã— 40 Ã— 6.5) m^{2} = 520 m^{2}

âˆ´Total surface area = 2(lb + bh + hl)

= 2((26 Ã— 14) + (14 Ã— 6.5) + (6.5 Ã— 26)) m^{2} = 2(364 + 91 + 169) m^{2} = (2 Ã— 624) m^{2} = 1248 m^{2}

**(iii) Length =**** 15 m, breadth = 6 m and height = 5 dm = 0.5 m.**

âˆ´ Volume of the cuboid = l Ã— b Ã— h = (15 Ã— 6 Ã— 0.5) m^{3}

âˆ´ Lateral surface area of a cuboid = 2(l + b) Ã— h

= [2(15 + 6) Ã— 0.5] m^{2} = (2 Ã— 21 Ã— 0.5) m^{2} = 21 m^{2}

âˆ´Total surface area = 2(lb + bh + hl)

= 2((15 Ã— 6) + (6 Ã— 0.5) + (0.5 Ã— 15)) m^{2} = 2(90 + 3 + 7.5) m^{2} = (2 Ã— 100.5) m^{2} = 201 m^{2}

**(iv) Â Length = 24 m, breadth = 0.25 m and height = 6 m.**

âˆ´ Volume of the cuboid = l Ã— b Ã— h = (24 Ã— 0.25 Ã— 6) m^{3}

âˆ´ Lateral surface area of a cuboid = 2(l + b) Ã— h

= [2(24 + 0.25) Ã— 6] m^{2} = (2 Ã— 24.25 Ã— 6) m^{2} =291 m^{2}

âˆ´Total surface area = 2(lb + bh + hl)

= 2((24 Ã— 0.25) + (0.25 Ã— 6) + (24 Ã— 6)) m^{2} = 2(6 + 1.5 + 144) m^{2} = (2 Ã— 151.5) m^{2} = 303 m^{2}

**Q.2:** **Find the capacity of a closed rectangular cistern whose length is 8 m, breadth 6 m and depth 2.5 m. Also, find the area of the iron sheet requires making the cistern.**

**Solution:**

Length of Cistern = 8 m

Breadth of Cistern = 6 m

Height of Cistern = 2.5 m

Therefore, the capacity of the cistern = Volume of the cistern

Volume of cistern = l Ã— b Ã— h = (8 Ã— 6 Ã— 2.5) m^{3} =120 m^{3}

Area of the iron sheet required = Total surface area of the cistern.

âˆ´Total surface area = 2(lb + bh + hl)

= 2((8 Ã— 6) + (6 Ã— 2.5) + (2.5 Ã— 8)) m^{2}

= 2(48 + 15 + 20) m^{2} = (2 Ã— 83) m^{2} = 166 m^{2}

**Q.3:** **The dimensions of a room are (9 m Ã— 8 m Ã— 6.5 m). It has one door of dimensions (2 m Ã— 1.5 m) and two windows, each of dimensions (1.5 m Ã— 1 m). Find the cost of whitewashing the walls at Rs. 6.40 per square meter.**

**Solution:**

Length of a room = 9 m

Breadth of a room = 8 m

Height of a room = 6.5 m

Therefore, area of 4 walls =Lateral surface area

Lateral surface area of the room = 2(l + b) Ã— h

= [2(9 + 8) Ã— 6.5] m^{2} = (2 Ã— 17 Ã— 6.5) m^{2} = 221 m^{2}

âˆ´ Area not white washed = (area of one door) + (area of 2 windows)

= (2 Ã— 1.5) m^{2} + (2 Ã— 1.5 Ã— 1) m^{2} = 3 + 3 = 6 m^{2}

âˆ´ Area whitewashed = (221 â€“ 6) m^{2 }= 215 m^{2}

âˆ´ Cost of whitewashing the walls at the rate of Rs.6.40 per square meter = Rs. (6.40 Ã— 215) = Rs. 1376

**Q.4:** **How many planks of dimensions ( 5 m Ã— 25 cm Ã— 10 cm) can be stored in a pit which is 20 m long, 6 m wide and 80 cm deep?**

**Solution:**

Length of plank = 5 m = 500 cm

Breadth of plank = 25 cm

Height of plank = 10 cm

Hence, volume = l Ã— b Ã— h = (500 Ã— 25 Ã— 10) cm^{3}

Now,

Length of pit = 20 m = 2000 cm

Breadth of pit = 6 m = 600 cm

Height of pit = 80 cm

Hence, volume =Â l Ã— b Ã— hÂ = ( 2000 Ã— 600 Ã— 80) cm^{3}

âˆ´ Number of planks that can be stored = VolumeofpitVolumeofplank

= (2000Ã—600Ã—80)(500Ã—25Ã—10)= 768

**Q.5:** **How many bricks will be required to construct a wall 8 m long, 6 m high and 22.5 cm thick if each brick measures (25 cm Ã— 11.25 cm Ã— 6 cm)?**

**Solution:**

Length of wall = 8 m = 800 cm

Breadth of wall = 6 m = 600 cm

Height of wall = 22.5 cm

Hence, volume =Â l Ã— b Ã— h = (800 Ã— 600 Ã— 22.5) cm^{3}

Length of brick = 25 cm

Breadth of brick = 11.25 cm

Height of brick = 6 cm

Hence, volume = l Ã— b Ã— h = (25 Ã— 11.25 Ã— 6) cm^{3}

âˆ´ Number of bricks required =Â VolumeofwallVolumeofbrick

= (800Ã—600Ã—22.5)(25Ã—11.25Ã—6)= 6400

**Q.6:** **A wall 15 m long, 30 cm wide and 4 m high is made of bricks, each measuring (22 cm Ã— 12.5 cm Ã— 7.5 cm). If (1/12) of the total volume of the wall consists of the motor, how many bricks are there in the wall?**

**Solution:**

Length of wall = 15 m

Breadth of wall = 0.3 m

Height of wall = 4 m

Hence, volume =Â l Ã— b Ã— h = (15 Ã— 0.3 Ã— 4) m^{3 }= 18 m^{3}

Volume of motor = 112Ã—18=1.5m3

Volume of wall = (18 â€“ 1.5) m^{3} = 16.5 = 332m3

Length of brick = 22 cm

Breadth of brick = 12.5 cm

Height of brick = 7.5 cm

Hence, volume =Â l Ã— b Ã— h

= [22100Ã—12.5100Ã—7.5100]m3 = 3316000m3

Therefore, the number of bricks = VolumeofbricksVolumeof1brick = 332Ã—1600033Â = 8000

**Q.7:** **An open rectangular cistern when measured from outside is 1.35 m long, 1.08 m broad and 90 cm deep. It is made up of iron, which is 2.5 cm thick. Find the capacity of the cistern and the volume of the iron used.**

**Solution:**

External Length of Cistern = 1.35 m = 135 cm

External Breadth of Cistern = 1.08 m = 108 cm

External Height of Cistern = 90 cm

External Volume of cistern = l Ã— b Ã— h = (135 Ã— 108 Ã— 90) cm^{3} =1312200 cm^{3}

Internal Length of Cistern = (135 â€“ 2 * 2.5) cm = 130 cm

Internal Breadth of Cistern = (108 â€“ 2 * 2.5) cm = 103 cm

Internal Height of Cistern = (90 â€“ 2.5) cm = 87.5 cm

Therefore, the Internal capacity of the cistern = Volume of the Internal cistern

Volume of cistern = l Ã— b Ã— h

= (130 Ã— 103 Ã— 87.5) cm^{3} =1171625 cm^{3}

Volume of iron used = External Volume of the cistern. â€“ Internal Volume of the citern.

= (1312200 â€“ 1171625) cm^{3} = 140575 cm^{3}

**Q.8:** **A river 2 m deep and 45 m wide is flowing t the rate of 3 km per hour. Find the volume of water that runs into the sea per minute.**

**Solution:**

Depth of the river = 2 m

Breadth of the river = 45 m

Length of the river = 3 km/h = 3Ã—100060m/min = 50 m/min.

âˆ´ Volume of water running into the sea per minute = (50 Ã— 45 Ã— 2) m^{3} = 4500 m^{3}

**Q.9:** **A box made of sheet metal costs Rs 1620 at Rs. 30 per square metre. If the box is 5 m long and 3 m wide, find its height.**

**Solution:**

Total cost of sheet = Rs. 1620

Cost of metal sheet per square meter = Rs. 30

âˆ´ Area of the sheet required = [Totalcostrate/m2]sq.m. = [162030]sq.m. = 54sq.m.

Length of box = 5 m

Breadth of box = 3 m

Now, let the height of the box be x meters.

âˆ´ Area of the sheet = Total surface area of the box = Â 2(lb + bh + hl)

54 =Â 2((5 Ã— 3) + (3 Ã— x) + (x Ã— 5)) m^{2} = 2(15 + 3x + 5x)

54 = (2 Ã— (15 + 18x))

Solving for x, we get, x = 1.5 m

âˆ´ The height of the box = 1.5 m.

**Q.10:** **Find the length of the longest pole that can be put in a room of dimensions (10 m Ã— 10 m Ã— 5 m).**

**Solution:**

Length of room = 10 m

Breadth of room = 10 m

Height of room = 5 m

âˆ´ Length of the longest pole = Length of diagonal

= l2+b2+h2âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆš = 102+102+52âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆš

= 100+100+25âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆš = 225âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆš = 15 m

âˆ´ The length of the longest pole that can be put in a room with given dimensions = 15 m.

**Q.11:** **How many persons can be accommodated in a dining hall of dimensions (20 m Ã— 16 m Ã— 5 m)**

**Solution:**

Length of hall = 20 m

Breadth of hall = 16 m

Height of hall = 4.5 m

âˆ´ Volume of hall =Â l Ã— b Ã— h =Â (20 Ã— 16 Ã— 4.5) m^{3}

Volume of air needed per person = 5 m^{3}

âˆ´ Number of persons = VolumeofthehallVolumeofairneededperperson

= [(20Ã—16Ã—4.5)5]=288

**Q.12:** **A classroom is 10 m long, 6.4 m wide and 5m high. If each student is given 1.6 m ^{2} of the floor area, how many cubic meters of air would each student get?**

**Solution:**

Length of classroom = 10 m

Breadth of classroom = 6.4 m

Height of classroom = 5 m

Each student is given 1.6 m^{2} of the floor area.

Number of students = Areaoftheroom1.6 = (10Ã—6.4)1.6=641.6=40

Therefore, the number of students = 40

Hence, air required by each student = Volumeoftheroomnumberofstudentsm^{3}

= 10Ã—6.4Ã—540=32040=8m3

**Q.13:** **The volume of a cuboid is 1536 m ^{3}. Its length is 16 m, and its breadth and height are in the ratio 3 : 2. Find the breadth and height of the cuboid.**

**Solution:**

Volume of a cuboid = 1536 m^{3}

Length of the cuboid = 16 m

Let the breadth and height of the cuboid be 3x and 2x.

Therefore, the volume of the cuboid = Â Â l Ã— b Ã— h

â‡’ 1536 = (16 Ã— 3x Ã— 2x)

â‡’ 1536 = 96x^{2}

â‡’x2=153696=16

âˆ´ x=16âˆ’âˆ’âˆš=4m

âˆ´ Breadth of the cuboid = 3x = 3 Ã— 4 = 12 m

And height of the cuboid = 2x = 2 Ã— 4 = 8 m

**Q.14:** **The surface area of a cuboid is 758 cm ^{2}. Its length and breadth are 14 cm and 11 cm respectively. Find its height.**

**Solution:**

Surface area of a cuboid = 758 cm^{2}

Length of the cuboid = 14 cm

Breadth of the cuboid = 11 cm

Let the height of the cuboid be h cm

âˆ´ Surface area of cuboid = 2(lb + bh + hl)

758 = 2((14 Ã— 11) + (11 Ã— h) + (h Ã— 14)) cm^{2}

758 =Â 2(154 + 11h + 14h) cm^{2}

758 = (154 + 25h) cm^{2}

758 = (308 + 50h) cm^{2}

50h = 758 â€“ 308

h=45050=9cm

âˆ´ The height of the cuboid = 9 cm.

**Q.15:** **Find the volume, lateral surface area, the total surface area and the diagonal of a cube, each of whose edges measures (a) 9 m, (b) 6.5 cm [Take 3â€“âˆš=1.73 ]**

**Solution:**

**(a)** Each edge of a cube = 9 m

âˆ´ Volume of the cube = a^{3} = (9)^{3} m^{3} = 729 m^{3}

âˆ´ Lateral surface area of the cube = 4a^{2 }= 4 * (9)^{2 }= (4 * 81) = 324 m^{2}

âˆ´ Total surface area of the cube = 6a^{2} = 486 m^{2}

âˆ´ Diagonal of the cube = 3â€“âˆša=3â€“âˆšâˆ—9=15.57m

**(b)** Each edge of a cube = 6.5 cm

âˆ´ Volume of the cube = a^{3} = (6.5)^{3} m^{3} = 274.625 cm^{3}

âˆ´ Lateral surface area of the cube = 4a^{2 }= 4 * (6.5)^{2 }= (4 * 42.25) = 169 cm^{2}

âˆ´ Total surface area of the cube = 6a^{2} = 253.5 cm^{2}

âˆ´ Diagonal of the cube = 3â€“âˆša=3â€“âˆšâˆ—6.5=11.245cm

**Q.16:** **The total surface area of a cube is 1176 cm ^{2}. Find its volume.**

**Solution:**

Let each side of the cube be â€˜aâ€™ cm.

Then, the total surface area of the cube = 6a^{2} cm^{2 }

Given,

6a^{2} = 1176

â‡’a2=11766=196

â‡’a=196âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆš=14cm

Volume of the cube = a^{3} = (14)^{3} = 2744 cm^{3}

**Q.17:** **The lateral surface area of a cube is 900 cm ^{2}. Find its volume.**

**Solution:**

Let each side of the cube be â€˜aâ€™ cm

Then, the lateral surface area of the cube = 4a^{2}

âˆ´ 4a^{2} = 900

â‡’a2=9004=225

â‡’a=225âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆš=15cm

Volume of the cube = a^{3} = (15)^{3} = 3375 cm^{3}

**Q.18:** **The volume of a cube is 512 cm ^{3}. Find its surface area.**

**Solution:**

Volume of the cube = 512 cm^{3} [Volume = a^{3}]

âˆ´ Each edge of the cube = 512âˆ’âˆ’âˆ’âˆš3=8cm

âˆ´ Surface area of the cube = 6a^{2} = 6(8)^{2} cm^{2} = 6(64) cm^{2} = 384 cm^{2}

**Q.19:** **Three cubes of metal with edges 3 cm, 4 cm, 5 cm respectively are melted to form a single cube. Find the lateral surface area of the new cube formed.**

**Solution:**

Volume of the new cube = [(3)^{3} + (4)^{3} + (5)^{3}] cm^{3} = [27 + 64 + 125] cm^{3 } = 216 cm^{3}

Now, edge of this cube = a cm

And, Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â a^{3 }= 216

Hence, Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â a = 6 cm

Lateral surface area of the new cube = 4a^{2} cm^{2 }= 4 (6)^{2 }cm^{2} = 144 cm^{2}

âˆ´ The lateral surface area of the new cube formed = 144 cm^{2 }

**Q.20:** **In a shower, 5 cm of rain falls. Find the volume of water that falls on 2 hectares of ground.**

**Solution:**

1 hectare = 10000Â m^{2}

Area = 2 hectares = 2 Ã— 10000 m^{2}

Depth of the ground = 5 cm = 5100m

Volume of water = (area Ã— depth) = (2Ã—10000Ã—5100)m3 = 1000 m^{3}

âˆ´ Volume of water that falls = 1000 m^{3}