1st Grade Math, Curriculum & Online Math Classes for Grade 1 @BYJUS

1st Grade Math

Math is a universal language and an essential problem-solving tool that all of us ought to learn. A deeper understanding of math enables us to comprehend the world around us and achieve more by actively participating in solving various real-life problems. We must make sure first grade math students are provided with the right set of resources that help them understand the meaning and usefulness of various mathematical concepts. First grade students need to be introduced to the digital learning experience as learning by means of online math classes is the future of learning. Learning math using the interactive tools and resources available online enables students to understand math concepts at a much deeper level. BYJU’s Math is the go-to platform that helps them learn math concepts in interesting ways, backed by a repository of specially curated first grade math problems. ...Read MoreRead Less

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Grade 1 Math Curriculum

Count and Write Numbers to 120

Learning the numbers up to 120 is a great way to start learning math. Here, the 1st grade math students will gain a thorough understanding of numbers, how they are used to count tangible objects, and how they are written. Once the students learn the numbers up to 120, they can easily progress to the next level and learn the rest of the numbers by deriving a repetitive pattern among larger numbers.

Numbers in words

It is important for students to learn how numbers are expressed in words as this will allow them to recognize numbers among others words while reading study materials.


Number names: 1 to 50

A number name or a numeral is a name that describes numbers. Here, 1st grade math students will be introduced to the numbers names of numbers from 1 to 50.


12 in words

Students will learn how to write the number ‘12’ in words. 


15 in words

Grade 1 math students will learn how to write the number ‘15’ in words. 


30 in words

Students will learn how to write the number ‘30’ in words. 



Counting is the first math concept that students will learn to apply in real life. Connecting numbers with real objects will help them not only retain the sequence of numbers but develop number sense. 


Concept of counting

The best method for first graders to retain the numbers they have learned is to find places where they can use numbers in real life. Students will start learning patterns among numbers by using them for counting. 


Cardinal numbers

Cardinal numbers or cardinals are numbers that are used for counting and indicate the quantity or how many things are there. With the introduction to cardinal numbers, students will learn ways to count physical objects and handle quantitative information around them — an important organizational skill. Learning this simple concept in first grade helps students kick start their mathematical learning journey in a meaningful manner. 


Odd and even numbers

There are multiple patterns hidden among numbers. The concept of odd and even numbers is usually the first pattern that students discover among numbers. This concept is really important as it forms the foundation of math operations like multiplication and division. 

Understand Place Value to 1000

Once students have a good understanding of numbers, the next step is to scale up their knowledge. The concept of place values is essentially a means to introduce learners to the underlying grouping system (base 10 decimal system) that lets students familiarize themselves with larger numbers without having to put as much effort as they put into learning numbers from 1 to 120. 

Compare Two-Digit Numbers

Once first grade students learn numbers, the next step is to derive relationships between them. Students will be able to connect the dots by introducing students to the concept of comparison of numbers. This step is important as it is used in many math concepts in higher grades. 

Add and Subtract Tens

One of the most interesting aspects of math is that it allows the manipulation of quantities without actually having them physically with the help of mathematical ideas like numbers and math operations. Addition and subtraction are basic operations in math. Since the operations that students learn in higher grades are built upon the concept of addition and subtraction, they need to be through with these concepts. Hence, most of the first grade math problems will be based on addition and subtraction. 

Addition of numbers

Addition is one of the fundamental operations in math. First grade math students need to be thoroughly familiar with addition and its properties, as the operations that will be introduced later are built on this concept. 


More on addition of numbers

Here, the first grade math students will learn multiple strategies to perform addition. They will also solve 1st grade math problems that are based on real-life objects. 


Addition of tens and addition of tens and ones

Initially, adding large numbers may seem difficult for a first grade math student. The concept of addition by tens and ones breaks downs the steps involved in addition and simplifies the process.


Subtraction of numbers

Subtraction is the inverse operation of addition. Since students are already familiar with addition, it will be easy for them to learn subtraction and its properties. 


Subtraction by tens

The concept of subtracting by tens simplifies the subtraction of larger numbers. First grade math students will be able to perform subtraction operations by drawing a relationship from the steps they learned in addition.


Subtraction using a number line

It is not uncommon for students to find it difficult to grasp the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction. But visualizing the operation using a number line will definitely ease this hurdle.

Measure and Compare Lengths

Measuring lengths is one of the most basic ways to relate math concepts with the physical world around us. The first grade math problems in this section will interest students, they will be able to measure, compare and order objects around them on the basis of their length. 

Represent and Interpret Data

Math is not all about numbers and symbols. Math also introduces students to different ways to use numbers, shapes, and diagrams to organize and represent information in an easily comprehensible manner. The usage of different types of graphs and charts allows students to present data visually.

 Interpret data by picture graphs and bar graphs

Here, the students will be introduced to the concept of picture graphs and bar graphs. First grade math students will learn how to organize and read data in a systematic manner.


Problems based on tally charts, gar graphs, and picture graphs

By solving first grade math problems on tally charts, bar graphs, and picture graphs students learn to represent, organize and infer data. 


Students in the first grade will be introduced to the concept of time and the steps followed to read the time from a clock. They can use these learnings in multiple aspects of life. For example, students gradually learn to manage their daily lives and maintain schedules by understanding the concept of time. 


Reading the clock

Here, students will learn how to read the time from an analog clock with the help of some simple steps. They will also solve first grade math problems related to time to reinforce the concept they have learned.

Two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes

Children get introduced to shapes at a very young age. They learn to solve puzzles and play with toys that have different shapes. Students learn about these shapes and their features in detail in the first grade. Here, the students will be introduced to the concept of two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional shapes. 

Two-dimensional shapes

The shapes that have a length and breadth are known as two-dimensional shapes. First grade math students will be introduced to basic two-dimensional shapes like triangles, squares, rectangles, and so on.


Combining and taking apart two-dimensional shapes

Real-world objects are usually combinations of different shapes. Here, the students will learn how to combine and take apart two-dimensional shapes to create and comprehend different complex shapes. 


Three-dimensional shapes

Three-dimensional shapes are shapes that have three dimensions: length, breadth, and height. Most objects that students touch and feel are, in fact, three-dimensional shapes.


Combining and taking apart three-dimensional shapes

As most real-world objects with which students play are made up of multiple three-dimensional shapes, they need to be able to tell apart the individual shapes that make up an object.

Equal Shares

After learning how to combine and take apart shapes, the next step is to learn how to divide shapes in multiple ways. Here, students will learn to identify whether a shape is divided into equal shares or unequal shares. As this forms the foundation for concepts like fractions that will be discussed later, this unit discusses several math problems for first graders regarding this topic.

Make your child Math confident for life

Ace concepts of mathematics with personalized learning

Make your child Math confident for life

Ace concepts of mathematics with personalized learning

Importance of 1st Grade Math

Frequently Asked Questions

The math concepts discussed in first grade are fundamental to the concepts that will be discussed down the road. Being thorough with the first grade concepts will give students an advantage by preparing them for higher-grade math concepts. 

After completing the first grade, students will be able to count up to 120, and they will have a strong number sense where they can visualize how numbers are organized on number lines. They will also learn how numbers are related to each other, and the comparison of numbers using the ‘less than’ and ‘greater than’ symbols. Students will learn to add and subtract two-digit numbers, and identify and understand two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes and their basic features.

BYJU’S Math has a huge repository of study material and math practice problems and worksheets for a first grader. Students can use these resources to gain a head start in their journey with math.

Addition and subtraction are inverse operations. Once students learn the concept of addition using visuals like number lines and daily life problems and master the addition facts, it will be easy for them to learn subtraction.

Students can learn to count at an early age by practicing it with real-life objects like toys, pebbles, beans, and chocolates. They can also practice counting using various math sheets provided here.