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Math is a universal language and an essential problem-solving tool that all of us ought to learn. A deeper understanding of math enables us to comprehend the world around us and achieve more by actively participating in solving various real-life problems. We must make sure first grade math students are provided with the right set of resources that help them understand the meaning and usefulness of various mathematical concepts. First grade students need to be introduced to the digital learning experience as learning by means of online math classes is the future of learning. Learning math using the interactive tools and resources available online enables students to understand math concepts at a much deeper level. BYJU’s Math is the go-to platform that helps them learn math concepts in interesting ways, backed by a repository of specially curated first grade math problems. ...Read MoreRead Less

Learning the numbers up to 120 is a great way to start learning math. Here, the 1st grade math students will gain a thorough understanding of numbers, how they are used to count tangible objects, and how they are written. Once the students learn the numbers up to 120, they can easily progress to the next level and learn the rest of the numbers by deriving a repetitive pattern among larger numbers.

It is important for students to learn how numbers are expressed in words as this will allow them to recognize numbers among others words while reading study materials.

A number name or a numeral is a name that describes numbers. Here, 1st grade math students will be introduced to the numbers names of numbers from 1 to 50.

Students will learn how to write the number ‘12’ in words.

Grade 1 math students will learn how to write the number ‘15’ in words.

Students will learn how to write the number ‘30’ in words.

Counting is the first math concept that students will learn to apply in real life. Connecting numbers with real objects will help them not only retain the sequence of numbers but develop number sense.

The best method for first graders to retain the numbers they have learned is to find places where they can use numbers in real life. Students will start learning patterns among numbers by using them for counting.

Cardinal numbers or cardinals are numbers that are used for counting and indicate the quantity or how many things are there. With the introduction to cardinal numbers, students will learn ways to count physical objects and handle quantitative information around them — an important organizational skill. Learning this simple concept in first grade helps students kick start their mathematical learning journey in a meaningful manner.

There are multiple patterns hidden among numbers. The concept of odd and even numbers is usually the first pattern that students discover among numbers. This concept is really important as it forms the foundation of math operations like multiplication and division.

Once students have a good understanding of numbers, the next step is to scale up their knowledge. The concept of place values is essentially a means to introduce learners to the underlying grouping system (base 10 decimal system) that lets students familiarize themselves with larger numbers without having to put as much effort as they put into learning numbers from 1 to 120.

Place values help understand how large numbers are actually a systematic grouping of smaller numbers. By understanding this systematic grouping system, first graders will quickly adapt and scale up their understanding of numbers. As this concept is really important for a student’s journey with numbers, this section will be backed by many visual-based 1st grade math problems.

Once first grade students learn numbers, the next step is to derive relationships between them. Students will be able to connect the dots by introducing students to the concept of comparison of numbers. This step is important as it is used in many math concepts in higher grades.

The concept encourages learners to compare real-life quantities—another real-life application of math. Comparing numbers will help students to strengthen their number sense further and learn to sequence the numbers in different ways.

Since math is a language expressed mostly using numbers and symbols, students need to learn how to express ideas in this manner. The ‘greater than’ (>) and ‘less than’ (<) symbols are some of the most commonly used symbols in math.

The ‘greater than’ symbol (>) is used to express the relationship between two numbers. We use it to denote that a number is greater in comparison to the latter number.

The ‘less than’ symbol (<), just like the ‘greater than’ symbol, is used to express a relationship between two numbers. But here, we use it to denote that the former number is smaller in comparison to the latter number. These concepts will be supported by math problems for a first grader.

One of the most interesting aspects of math is that it allows the manipulation of quantities without actually having them physically with the help of mathematical ideas like numbers and math operations. Addition and subtraction are basic operations in math. Since the operations that students learn in higher grades are built upon the concept of addition and subtraction, they need to be through with these concepts. Hence, most of the first grade math problems will be based on addition and subtraction.

Addition is one of the fundamental operations in math. First grade math students need to be thoroughly familiar with addition and its properties, as the operations that will be introduced later are built on this concept.

Here, the first grade math students will learn multiple strategies to perform addition. They will also solve 1st grade math problems that are based on real-life objects.

Initially, adding large numbers may seem difficult for a first grade math student. The concept of addition by tens and ones breaks downs the steps involved in addition and simplifies the process.

Subtraction is the inverse operation of addition. Since students are already familiar with addition, it will be easy for them to learn subtraction and its properties.

The concept of subtracting by tens simplifies the subtraction of larger numbers. First grade math students will be able to perform subtraction operations by drawing a relationship from the steps they learned in addition.

It is not uncommon for students to find it difficult to grasp the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction. But visualizing the operation using a number line will definitely ease this hurdle.

Measuring lengths is one of the most basic ways to relate math concepts with the physical world around us. The first grade math problems in this section will interest students, they will be able to measure, compare and order objects around them on the basis of their length.

Math is not all about numbers and symbols. Math also introduces students to different ways to use numbers, shapes, and diagrams to organize and represent information in an easily comprehensible manner. The usage of different types of graphs and charts allows students to present data visually.

Here, the students will be introduced to the concept of picture graphs and bar graphs. First grade math students will learn how to organize and read data in a systematic manner.

By solving first grade math problems on tally charts, bar graphs, and picture graphs students learn to represent, organize and infer data.

Students in the first grade will be introduced to the concept of time and the steps followed to read the time from a clock. They can use these learnings in multiple aspects of life. For example, students gradually learn to manage their daily lives and maintain schedules by understanding the concept of time.

Here, students will learn how to read the time from an analog clock with the help of some simple steps. They will also solve first grade math problems related to time to reinforce the concept they have learned.

Children get introduced to shapes at a very young age. They learn to solve puzzles and play with toys that have different shapes. Students learn about these shapes and their features in detail in the first grade. Here, the students will be introduced to the concept of two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional shapes.

The shapes that have a length and breadth are known as two-dimensional shapes. First grade math students will be introduced to basic two-dimensional shapes like triangles, squares, rectangles, and so on.

Real-world objects are usually combinations of different shapes. Here, the students will learn how to combine and take apart two-dimensional shapes to create and comprehend different complex shapes.

Three-dimensional shapes are shapes that have three dimensions: length, breadth, and height. Most objects that students touch and feel are, in fact, three-dimensional shapes.

As most real-world objects with which students play are made up of multiple three-dimensional shapes, they need to be able to tell apart the individual shapes that make up an object.

After learning how to combine and take apart shapes, the next step is to learn how to divide shapes in multiple ways. Here, students will learn to identify whether a shape is divided into equal shares or unequal shares. As this forms the foundation for concepts like fractions that will be discussed later, this unit discusses several math problems for first graders regarding this topic.

Ace concepts of mathematics with personalized learning

Working through math worksheets, students start picking up math patterns, formulas and logic faster. It also helps in improving their problem-solving skills more quickly. Click the link below to download our online math worksheets for students in grades 1-8.

The first grade is a crucial stage for students in terms of developing early math skills like numeracy, spatial understanding, logical thinking, identifying patterns, and problem-solving. This is when students take the first big step of their journey in learning math. Learning first grade math not only helps students in build a strong foundation for the concepts in higher grades but also teaches them a variety of life skills. First grade math students will be introduced to the basics of most mathematical concepts, which in higher grades, develop into full-fledged math branches.

Studying math online with tech interactivity and supportive visuals is a great practice for all first graders. As the concepts discussed in the first grade are fundamental, it is of utmost importance to master them before moving on to the next grade. The resources available at BYJU’S Math work in tandem with the concepts taught and activities performed in schools to help students gain a headstart for the upcoming grades. We make sure that all students are able to strike off all fundamental skills from the first grade skills checklist by utilizing our free online math classes and resources.

Frequently Asked Questions

The math concepts discussed in first grade are fundamental to the concepts that will be discussed down the road. Being thorough with the first grade concepts will give students an advantage by preparing them for higher-grade math concepts.

After completing the first grade, students will be able to count up to 120, and they will have a strong number sense where they can visualize how numbers are organized on number lines. They will also learn how numbers are related to each other, and the comparison of numbers using the ‘less than’ and ‘greater than’ symbols. Students will learn to add and subtract two-digit numbers, and identify and understand two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes and their basic features.

BYJU’S Math has a huge repository of study material and math practice problems and worksheets for a first grader. Students can use these resources to gain a head start in their journey with math.

Addition and subtraction are inverse operations. Once students learn the concept of addition using visuals like number lines and daily life problems and master the addition facts, it will be easy for them to learn subtraction.

Students can learn to count at an early age by practicing it with real-life objects like toys, pebbles, beans, and chocolates. They can also practice counting using various math sheets provided here.