Science and Technology: Infrastructure of India
So science and technology infrastructures of India. So what do we have discussed by this time now is science and technology. It’s use in a culture. It’s use in the improvement of the health; it’s use in the future, something which is called sustainable development. So science and technology and sustainable development we have elaborated by sighting lot of examples, lot of perspectives. Coming back to India let us see what is science and technology in India. Do we have the good infrastructure? Do we have a good system to imbibe? Do we have the persons who could do this particular science and technology and the sustainable development and do we have enough of the infrastructures to give education, awareness and that particular attitudes to the people that science is important?
So let’s see. So to exploit this particular study, I would first of all pick up science and technology infrastructures of India. So when the infrastructure is good enough then the linkages will take place, then the flow ability will be smooth and quick. Hence we will try to see some of the glimpses of the science and technology infrastructures of our country. Indeed India is the third largest scientific manpower in the world. So we have a huge opportunity and we have been one of the major contributors of some great mind in many of the developed countries. Our basic research institutions have been producing some of the hard core scientists which have been appreciated world over. We are also the largest possessors of scientific infrastructural network. Most of our scientific institutions are well networked. And indeed it is true that it is the networking that will help in existence of all this. It is not by combat that we are going to coexist. It is not by combating, it’s not by fighting but it is by networking that we will try to achieve a very, very coexisting and mutualistically related institutions working together for the similar goal. Major scientific departments of the central government we have lot of institutions, we have NGO’s working for the science and technology, we have separate ministries, we have separate departments but there are some of the infrastructures which is which is many of them are autonomous and these departments are under the central government, Government of India which needs to be mentioned, which needs to be for mentioning in our discussions. They are Indian council of agricultural research, we have ICMR Indian council of medical research, we have Department of atomic energy, we have Defense research and development organizations, we have the Department of environment, then Department of ocean development, then we have Ministry of science and technology, which comprises of Department of science and technology, the council of scientific industrial research and the DVT, which is Department of biotechnology.
We will try to discuss about the ministry of science and technology first. Some of these institutions like department of atomic energy that we can discuss when we talk about the energy. We can talk about defense…defense research development organization when we talk about the defense in India, and we can also talk about some other miscellaneous topics when we talk about the concerned – what to say issues. But here let us try to look in to the ministry of science and technology whose broad theme have been to have met the coordination of the scientific institutions possible. To make the funding possible, to make the basic research possible.
So let us talk about the ministry of science and technology and see what this department of science and technology, council of scientific and industrial research and DVT doing.
Department of science and technology in our country was set up in 1971. It provides mechanism of co- ordinations of areas of science and development. So department of science and technology will surely try to create, will surely try to find out where mechanism of co-ordinations between the science and development is possible. For example ministry of science and technology with the help of the DVT, with the help of the CSIR, is constructing laboratories, research institutions in far and nook and corner of the country and are trying to find out means to develop the area, means to find out new tools and mechanisms. It supports grant in aid of scientific research and institutions and professional bodies. So this is also one of the funding agency to do scientific research and development. It plays a catalytic role for the promotion of technology in states and union territories. So without this particular institutions and departments that… that… the… the linkages will not be there among the states, the linkages will not be there between the states and union territories, the linkages will not be created between the departments. So it acts as a very efficient medium by means of its sharing of the knowledge, the sharing of the developmental agendas can be felt and manifested in different stake among the different stake holders.
Some of the key mandates:some of the key mandates of the department of science technology is formulation of policy statement. It frames policies, rules and regulations. It forms the guidelines, it forms the rules and regulations. It also performs the co-ordinations of science and technology related matters. For example many of the developmental activities in science and technology may not be applicable or may not be acceptable to certain culture, certain strata of societies. To do away with this, this particular institutions have been responsible for formulating the policy step and the guidelines. This will cater something like ethical issues, the commercial issues so this is one of the mandates. It supports basic and applied research in national institutions and creating infrastructural facilities. So it supports by giving the money, it supports by giving the research resources. For example a particular program of development of science and technology might be happening in some of the government schools and colleges. But the school colleges will give the manpower to do that particular science and technology but to check and also to improve and also to valuate the… this particular department will be helpful in suggesting and also in giving the necessary resource persons to guide the kind of work that has been done. For example we have lot of programs in India like Star College Project, which is one of the resources one of the important development in the science and technology in the country. Some of the colleges, some of the common institutions they cleared as good enough to be funding, so department of science and technology will a fund particular colleges under a particular work on the natural dye that will be useful for dying the clothes or the textiles. To do this… manpower, the teachers and student will be doing, but time and again there will be the necessity to visit some of the research stations, there will be necessary to imbibe some of the resource persons, some of the scholars outside that particular institutions to guide and valuate. The department of science and technology will surely provide that particular facility. It helps… it also helps in fostering the international cooperation in science and technology, socially oriented and interventions for rural and weaker sections. This is very, very important. So science and technology will try to create a particular factory in a particular regions where the local resources will be used, local raw materials will be used, local people will be going, local people will be…and the product will be given to the local people to sale it, product will be used by the local people for the health improvement, fertilizers so on and so forth .The social era it’s the weaker section of the society. For example, many of the pharma company will never try to invest in those particular drugs which is not benefiting to them. So they will try to invest their energy and money in those particular pharmaceutical industries those particular factories will invest in the those particular production of the drugs that is useful for the rich people who are suffering from the lifestyle related disease. So many of the countries, many of the pharmaceutical companies invest in producing those particular drugs that is commonly used by the rich people. What about the TB? What about the malaria, which is affecting the poorer peoples, the weaker sections? The department of science and technology by establishing the pharmaceuticals industries, by establishing the research and development centers in those corners of the country, in those particular regions and also by producing drugs which is not very, very commercially benefiting, it will surely help the weaker sections. It will surely help the poor people. So that is also one particular thing.
Then popularization of science and technology in the country, so this will be done by hosting mela, exhibitions, seminars and so on and so forth. So technology development and will also be held in commercializations. It has to be sold, it has to be benefited. This is also held by the department of science and technology. Entrepreneurship development is also held. Scientific surveys is also done.
Without inventory, without discovering something new, without finding out the new ways, the new development will never be able to take place. And science and department of science and technology will also do the inventory, will also do the documentations, so that our data, so that our resources become richer and more populated.