Water as a Resource
Water — is one of the most fundamental resources that any human being needs – no matter from which civilization we are. All our ancient civilizations have been thriving around water — that everything was formed around river. So somehow we know that water is so fundamental for us to be able to survive, grow, and be able to proceed technologically. So what we observe here — if you take a look at this — is the India Map, and you can see there are areas of water scarcity and the areas of water abundance. Now would you be surprised if I told you that water scarcity and extreme poverty are very very closely linked? So somehow the presence or the absence of water really affects the socio-economic conditions of the people in that area. So as you begin to see this, now one of the things that I want to tell you is that — for years and years and years — just like with forests, we had sustainable methods in which we were sharing water and we were irrigating our fields in a manner that was very very efficient. So if you had…so if take a look at these things…these things called ‘Kulhs’ in…in Himanchal Pradesh — where water that was there was shared in a way that was agreeable to everybody and the control was with the local people. Now it’s impotent of have local people involved in this aspect as well because if your area is going to have water to be distributed, it does make sense for people around that area have control over who shares it, how we are going to share it, and so on, and so forth. So now we are going to see is what happens if this rule is broken. So what happened in the British septum was that — huge projects and plans — big dams, really big dams, really big irrigation projects or plan. Now is that a bad thing? Not necessarily. So we will look at what the prose and the cons of such dams are in our coming module. So we will talk about dams. Dams. Now these reconstruct large dams. Now we make plans for the rivers like Ganga. We saw about …we talked about the Teheri Dam on Gagna, the Sardar Sarovar Dam on Narmada and we also spoke about..a little bit about the project on the Godavari river as well. Now we talk about these big dams; so the first question is how exactly do these big dams help? And what are the pros and what are the cons?