The Joint Entrance Exam or JEE is a common entrance exam conducted at all India level for facilitating admissions into different engineering colleges in India. It is globally recognized as one of the most challenging entrance examination at the undergraduate level and every year over 1.5 million students appear for this exam.
Till 2011, All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE) was conducted by CBSE every year. In the year 2012, CBSE has announced the replacement of IIT-JEE and AIEEE with Joint Entrance Examination (JEE).
A. The AIEEE was replaced by JEE-Mains to facilitate admissions into the NITs, IIITs and other CFTIs (Centrally Funded Technical Institutes).
B. The IIT-JEE was replaced by JEE-Advanced to facilitate admissions into the IITs (Indian Institute of Technology).
Every year around 220,000 students from JEE Mains become eligible for appearing in JEE Advanced. Premier institutes like the Indian Institute of Science (IISC), Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology and the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) grant admissions to students on the basis of scores obtained in JEE Advanced.
The IIT Council in September 2013 has approved the decision of the Joint Admission board for introducing the two-phase JEE pattern. In 2014, JoSAA (Joint Seat Allocation Authority) conducted the joint admission process for granting admissions into 23 IITs and ISM-Dhanbad through JEE Advanced and into 18 IIITs, 32 NITs and 19 other GFTIs (Government Funded Technical Institutes) through JEE Main.
From the year 2013 to 2016, 40% of weight age was given to 12th standard board exam in calculating all India ranks of JEE Main. However, there are no such criteria from JEE Mains 2017 for deciding all India ranks. CBSE has also made mandatory for all students applying for JEE Mains to register with Aadhar card from 2017.
In 2016, 1.303 million students had registered for JEE Mains while in 2017,1.198 students registered and the exam was conducted offline on 2nd April 2017 and online on 8th and 9th April 2017.
Students who clear the prescribed cut-off marks of JEE-Mains will be eligible to take JEE Advanced. There is a considerable increase in the number of students appearing for JEE Advanced from the year 2015 to 2017.
JEE is conducted in two phases:
The first phase of JEE is JEE Main (Paper-1 & Paper-2) and is conducted by CBSE every year for facilitating admission into NITs, IIITs, DTU and the other central and state funded institutes. The courses offered by these institutes are B.Tech/B.E., Integrated MSc’s, B.Arch/B.Planning courses etc.
Paper – 1:
A. Engineering Entrance Exam for B.Tech/B.E.
B. The time duration of exam is 3 hours.
C. There are objective type questions from Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics.
D. For each correct answer, the student will be awarded 4 marks and in the case of every wrong answer, 1 mark will be deducted.
E. Both online and offline mode of examination is available.
Paper – 2:
A. Architecture Entrance Exam for B.Arch/B.Planning.
B. The time duration of exam is 3 hours.
C. There are objective type questions from Mathematics (Part – 1) and Aptitude Test (Part – 2) and Part – 3 is a Drawing Test.
D. For each correct answer (Part-1 & Part-2), students will be awarded 4 marks and in the case of every wrong answer, 1 mark will be deducted.
E. There is no negative marking for Part-3 and only offline mode of examination is available.
The second phase of JEE is JEE-Advanced and is conducted every year on a rotation basis by different IITs. Institutes like IITs and ISM–Dhanbad grant admissions only on the basis of ranks obtained in JEE – Advanced.
Only those students who will clear the prescribed cutoff marks of JEE Mains are eligible to appear for JEE Advanced.
Students appeared for JEE-Advanced
In JEE–Main, questions are mostly taken directly from NCERT textbook concepts and 30% of questions asked in JEE Main require less level of thinking, logic, and dedication for aiming an average score of around 200 marks but in the case of JEE-Advanced, it requires more logic, dedication, and hard work. Students should have a very deep knowledge about the subjects for getting admission into the top IITs.
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