Annulus Formula

An Annulus is a ring-shaped object, bounded by the circumference of two concentric circles of two different radius. An Annulus is much like the throw-ring.. One way to think of it is a circular disk with a circular hole in it. The outer and inner circles that define the ring are concentric that shares a common center point.
Annulus Formula

The dimensions of an annulus are defined by the two radii R, r, which are the radii of the outer ring and the inner ‘hole’ respectively. The area of a circular ring can be found by subtraction the area of small circle from that of the large circle.

Here are formulas to find Area of Annulus

\(\begin{aligned} A &=\pi\left(R^{2}-r^{2}\right) \\ R &=\sqrt{r^{2}+\frac{A}{\pi}} \\ r &=\sqrt{R^{2}-\frac{A}{\pi}} \end{aligned}\)

A = Area of Annulus
R = Outer radius
r = Inner radius
(Pi) \(\pi\) = is approximately 3.142

Example 1:
Find the area of the path, where a path is 14cm wide, surrounds a circular lawn whose diameter is 360cm.
Diameter of inner circle is 360cm, means the radius (r) is 180cm
Radius of outer circle is (R) = 180 + 14 = 194cm

A = $\pi$ ($R^{2}$ – $r^{2}$)
= 3.142 (R + r)(R – r)
= 3.142 (194 + 180) (194 – 180)
= 3.142 $\times$ 374 $\times$ 14
= 16451.512 cm2

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