AP Board Class 9 Social Science important questions are provided on our BYJU’S website, so that students can make use of it while preparing for the exam. Students should go through these important questions so that they can understand the types of questions in the exam. Important questions are of great help while revising the complete syllabus just before the exam.
These important questions are well-prepared by our subject experts as per the curriculum of Class 9. With the help of these AP Board Class 9 Social Science important questions, students should evaluate their performance and improve their knowledge. There is a chance that these important questions might be asked in the Social Science exam. So, be thorough with these questions and score outstanding marks in the exam.
Students can download the pdf of AP Board Class 9 Social Science important questions with answers for future reference.
1. What is grid and how does it help us?
Answer: On a globe, a network of latitudes and longitudes is drawn which is called the ‘Grid’. With the help of the grid, we can locate places, and learn much about them – how hot or cold it would be there, in which direction should we go to reach it and what time it would be there at any moment.
2. Explain the composition of the atmosphere.
Answer: On the basis of chemical composition the atmosphere is divided into two broad layers:
1) Homosphere: The homosphere extends up to a height of 90 kms. It consists of three layers. Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere. It is characterised by uniformity in composition of gases like nitrogen, oxygen, argan and carbon dioxide.
2) Heterosphere: The layer above 90 kms of the atmosphere is called the heterosphere. It has a heterogenous composition and hence the name heterosphere. It has two layers called Thermosphere and Exosphere.
3. What could be the effects of foreign trade on farmers’ income?
Answer: The effects of foreign trade on farmers income are:
With the foreign trade policy changes, many crops can now be traded. For instance, farmers can now export vegetables and fruits, sugar and jaggery. Similarly, import of cotton, rubber, pulses, oilseeds are freely allowed. However, farmers cannot export food grains. Since food grains are the most important food item, the Indian government has been cautious to allow trade in food grains.
4. Why are industries located in specific areas?
Answer: Industrial locations are complex in nature. These are influenced by availability
of raw material, labour, capital, power and market, etc. It is rarely possible to find
all these factors available at one place. Consequently, manufacturing activity tends
to locate at the most appropriate place where all the factors of industrial location
are either available or can be arranged at lower cost. In the preIndependence period, most manufacturing units were located in places from the point of view of overseas trade such as Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, etc.
5. Why does the government need a budget? Why does the budget talk of taxes?
Answer: To fulfil the various roles, the government must have adequate money. The money required for the different functions of the government is collected from the people in the form of taxes. There are a variety of taxes that the government collects. The taxes collected constitute the revenues of the government. Revenues are necessary to finance the expenditures of the government. The Annual Budget presented before the Parliament by the Finance Minister gives the expected expenditure by the government on its various programmes for the coming year. It also states how these expenditures are going to be met through various revenue collections. Similarly, in each state assembly the state government presents the budget for that state.
6. How did printing of the Bible influence the ideas about God and Church?
Answer: In the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries, many scholars in universities in north Europe and members of the Church were attracted to humanist ideas. Like their Italian colleagues, they too focused on classical Greek and Roman texts, along with the holy books of the Christians. In northern countries, the humanist members of the Church called on Christians to practise religion in the way laid down in the ancient texts of their religion, discarding unnecessary rituals, which they condemned as later additions to a simple religion.
Later philosophers were to return to this over and over again, inspired by the belief in a distant God who created man but allowed him complete freedom to live his life freely, in pursuit of happiness ‘here and now’. Christians came to realise from printed translations of the Bible in local languages that their religion did not permit such practices.
7. How were the lives of different classes of British women affected by the industrial revolution?
Answer: The lives of different classes of British women were affected by the industrial revolution because work in the factories, with long, unbroken hours of the same kind of work, under strict discipline and sharp forms of punishment, was completely different. The earnings of women were necessary to supplement men’s meagre wages. As the use of machinery spread, and fewer workers were needed, industrialists preferred to employ women who would be less agitated about their poor working conditions and work for lower wages than men. They were employed in large numbers in the cotton textile industry in Lancashire and Yorkshire. Women were also the main workers in the silk, lacemaking and knitting industries, as well as in the metal industries of Birmingham.
8. What are the disadvantages of child marriages?
Answer: The disadvantages of child marriages are:
- Underage pregnancy.
- Provision for trafficking and sale of girls.
- Pushing the unmatured into the family system.
- Increased abortions, premature births which results not only in infant mortality but also in the death of mothers.
- Handicapped child births or dead child births.
- Mental as well as physical health problems.
- Obstacle for study.
- Hurdle for physical growth (especially regarding females).
- Become child labourers for family maintenance.
9. What safety measures should be followed to avoid fire accidents?
Answer: The safety measures that should be followed to avoid fire accidents are:
- Install smoke detection systems.
- Conduct regular fire drills.
- Provide adequate means of escape.
- Outline clear pathways to exit doors.
10. What documents should a driver carry while driving and what skills are needed to drive safely?
Answer: A driver should carry the following documents while driving the vehicle.
- Original driving license
- Registration certificate
- Insurance papers
- Pollution certificates
A driver should have the following skills to drive safely
- Maintain sitting balance
- Sit and drive
- Adjust mirrors
- Vision, memory, flexibility and physical strength
- Focus constantly on the task of driving
11. Who are the Clergy?
Answer: The members of the Church, including the priests, bishops, cardinals and the Pope make up the Clergy.
12. What made iron a better material than wood for everyday items and for machinery?
Answer: The durability of iron made it a better material than wood for everyday items and for machinery. Unlike wood, which could burn or splinter, the physical and chemical properties of iron could be controlled.
13. Write a brief note on the Santhal Revolt.
Answer: The Santhals of Jharkhand had been resisting and protesting against British rule, from the beginning and in 1855-56, they were involved in a massive revolt. During the revolt, the Santhals began to loot and kill the zamindars and moneylenders. The Santhals declared that British rule had come to an end, and they were making a free state of the Santhals. But the Santhals were armed only with bows and arrows, and they could not hold their own against the gun-bearing British army. By the end of a fierce battle, 15,000 Santhals were killed and their revolt was finally suppressed.