The area of a pentagon formula is based on its sides and apothem length.
A pentagon is a five-sided polygon in geometry. It may be simple or self – intersecting in shape. The five angles present in the Pentagon are equal. A regular pentagon has all of the sides and angles are equal.
Pentagons can be regular or irregular and convex or concave. A regular pentagon is one with all equal sides and angles. Its interior angles measure 108 degrees and its exterior angles measure 72 degrees. An irregular pentagon is a shape that does not have equal sides and/or angles and therefore does not have specified angles. A convex pentagon is one whose vertices, or points, where the sides meet, are pointing outwards as opposed to a concave pentagon whose vertices point inwards. Imagine a collapsed roof of a house.
Now, the area of pentagon is derived by multiplying side and apothem length with (5/2). To learn more about the area of a pentagon along with the details of apothem and other related terms, check the linked article.
Area Formula for a Pentagon
The Area of a Pentagon Formula is,
|A = (5 ⁄ 2) × s × a|
- “s” is the side of the Pentagon
- “a” is the apothem length
Area of a Regular Pentagon Formula
If all the sides of a pentagon are equal in length, then it is a regular pentagon. The area of a regular pentagon is calculated by the formula:
where ‘s’ is the side length of a pentagon.
Solved Examples on Area of Pentagon Formula
Question 1: Find the area of a pentagon of side 10 cm and apothem length 5 cm.
s = 10 cm
a = 5 cm
Area of a pentagon = A = (5 ⁄ 2) × s × a
= (5 ⁄ 2) × 10 × 5 cm2
= 125 cm2.
Question 2: Find the area of a regular pentagon, if the side length is 3cm.
Solution: Given, side length, s = 3 cm
By putting the value of s = 3 cm, we get;
Area = 15.48 cm2