Difference Between Adaptation and Mitigation

Adaptation and mitigation are the two strategies that indicate climatic change. Mitigation tackles the causes of climate change, whereas, adaptation tackles the effects. Adaptation is the adjustment in response to climate change. Mitigation is human intervention to reduce the sources of emission of greenhouse gases, thereby, preventing increase in temperatures.

Let us have a detailed look at the important difference between adaptation and mitigation.

Also Read: Adaptation and Habitat

Adaptation vs Mitigation

Following are the important difference between adaptation and mitigation:

Adaptation Mitigation
It is the strategy to adjust with the climatic change. It is the strategy to reduce the impact of climate change.
It is localised and region-specific It is global and not localised
These are long term strategies These are short term
It involves taking appropriate measures to prevent the effects of climate change. It involves the reduction of emission of greenhouse gases.
The measures such as building flood barriers, effective utilization of water, development of drought-resistant crops, etc. can be taken. The major measures include using new technologies, clean energy resources, making older technologies more energy efficient.

However, there are issues involved in both the processes. Mitigation is seen as a better option in comparison to adaptation. But mitigation is expensive. Executing the plans requires a lot of investment and most of the people and governments are not ready to pay. This creates problems.

Also Read: Environmental Issues

These were a few difference between adaptation and mitigation. To know more about the difference between adaptation and mitigation, keep visiting BYJU’S website.

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