Difference Between Herbivores and Carnivores

Animals can be categorised based on the food patterns as well. Unlike plants, animals cannot prepare their own so they have to depend on food source which will give them energy to survive. Therefore animals feed on plants and meat. Animals that survive on plants – grains, seeds, leaves etc. are called Herbivores animals. Animals that survive on meat are called Carnivores animals. Apart from their diet there are many other differences that we will be discussing in this topic.

Herbivores:

Animals depending on plants and consuming them for their food and as a source of energy to survive are called Herbivores animals. Usually they are not so fast. The type of nails they have are either blunt hooves or flattened. The have a high capacity of chewing food. They can detoxify vitamin A in the liver. Presence of carbohydrate digestive enzymes in saliva. The length of intestine is very long. Examples of herbivores are: Deer, goat etc

Carnivores:

Animals depending on meat and consuming them for their food and as a source of energy to survive are called Carnivores animals. They are very fast as they have to catch their prey. The type of nails they have are extremely razor sharp claws. They do not chew the food. They cannot detoxify vitamin A in the liver. Absence of digestive enzymes in saliva. The length of intestine is small. Examples of carnivores are: Tiger, lion etc.

To make you understand how herbivores and carnivores are different from each other, here are the some of the major differences between herbivores and carnivores:

Difference between Herbivores and Carnivores

HERBIVORES

CARNIVORES

Plant eaters

Meat eaters

Mouth to head ratio is large

Mouth to head ratio is small

Canines are sharp, curved and long

Canines are short or long, dull

Moderately concentrated urine

Extremely concentrated urine

Example: Cow, giraffe etc

Example: Leopard, jaguar etc

These were some of the important difference between herbivores and carnivores. To know differences between other topics in Biology you can register to BYJU’S or download our app for simple and interesting content. India’s largest k-12 learning app with top notch teachers from across the nation with excellent teaching skills. Find notes, question papers for other subjects like Mathematics, Physics, Biology and various competitive exams as well. Enjoy learning with great experience. Learning is no more boring with BYJU’S.

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