Animals require constant energy to stay alive, active and to carry out different life processes. As animals cannot prepare their own food, they depend on plants and other animals for their food and energy. Depending upon the mode of nutrition, plants are classified as herbivores and carnivores.
Let us learn more about the difference between herbivores and carnivores and their characteristics.
Herbivores vs Carnivores
|Consume only plant and their products||Consume the flesh of other animals|
|Ratio of mouth to head is small.||Ratio of mouth to head is too large.|
|The mouth opening is very small and consume food from their mouth.||The mouth opening is very large and use their teeth for tearing the flesh apart.|
|Have broad, flat and short, teeth to grind and chew plant leaves, grains and seeds.||Possess long, sharp and curved incisors and canines to tear flesh.|
|Have complex facial muscles.||Have reduced facial muscles.|
|Saliva has digestive enzymes.||Saliva does not have digestive enzymes.|
|The length of the small intestine of herbivores is 10 to 12 times their body length||The length of the small intestine is 3-6 times their body length|
|Have either simple or stomach with multiple chambers||Have a simple stomach with one chamber.|
|Moderately concentrated urine||Extremely concentrated urine|
|Example: Cow, giraffe, etc.||Example: Leopard, Jaguar, etc.|
Herbivores are animals that depend on plants and plant products for their food. They have certain specific features that help them feed on plants. They have broad and flat teeth that help them to grind the plants easily. They have the capacity of detoxifying vitamin A in the liver. They possess carbohydrate digestive enzymes in saliva. The intestine is very long. Cows, buffaloes, goats, deer are some of the herbivores.
Also Read Facts about Herbivores
Carnivores are animals that depend on other animals for their food. They have sharp teeth that help them to tear through the skin. Their sharp claws help them catch their prey. However, unlike herbivores, they cannot detoxify vitamin A in the liver and do not contain carbohydrate digestive enzymes in saliva. The length of the intestine is also small. Tiger, lion, wolf, etc are some of the carnivores.
Also Read Herbivores and Carnivores
Learn more about carnivores and herbivores only at BYJU’S Biology.