Like the plant, animals also need constant energy to stay alive, active and to carry out different life processes. As animals cannot prepare their own food, they depend on plants and other animals for their food and energy. There are a wide variety of animals and are classified into different groups based on the mode of nutrition.
Here let us learn more about the Herbivores, Carnivores and their differences.
Animals depending on plants and consuming them for their food and as a source of energy to survive are called Herbivores animals. Usually, they are not so fast. The type of nails they have are either blunt hooves or flattened. They have a high capacity for chewing food. They can detoxify vitamin A in the liver. Presence of carbohydrate digestive enzymes in saliva. The length of the intestine is very long.
Examples of herbivores are Deer, goat, etc.
Also, read Facts about Herbivores
Animals depending on meat and consuming them for their food and as a source of energy to survive are called Carnivores animals. They are very fast as they have to catch their prey. The type of nails they have are extremely razor-sharp claws. They do not chew the food. They cannot detoxify vitamin A in the liver. Absence of digestive enzymes in saliva. The length of the intestine is small.
Examples of carnivores are Tiger, lion, etc.
To make you understand how herbivores and carnivores are different from each other, here are some of the major
Differences Between Herbivores and Carnivores
|Consume only plant and their products||Consume the flesh of other animals|
|Mouth to head ratio is very small||Mouth to head ratio is too large|
|Have a small mouth opening and use their mouth for consuming food||Have a large mouth opening and use their teeth as a weapon for hunting and consuming food|
|Have blunt, short and flat, spade-shaped canines and incisors, used for chewing and grinding plant leaves, seeds and grains.||Have sharp, long and curved incisors and canines used for tear flesh|
|Have complex facial muscles.||Have reduced facial muscles.|
|Have digestive enzymes in their saliva.||Have no digestive enzymes in their saliva.|
|The length of the small intestine of herbivores is 10 to 12 times their body length||The length of the small intestine is 3-6 times their body length|
|Have either simple or stomach with multiple chambers||Have a simple stomach with one chamber.|
|Moderately concentrated urine||Extremely concentrated urine|
|Example: Cow, giraffe, etc.||Example: Leopard, Jaguar, etc.|
Also, read more about Herbivores and Carnivores
Learn more about animals, their types, characteristic features and other related topics @ BYJU’S Biology