Sowing

After selecting seeds of good quality, they are sown on the prepared land. The seeds which give high yields are usually selected and are sown by the following methods.

Sowing Methods

Traditional Method

A funnel-shaped tool is used to sow the seeds traditionally. The funnel is filled with seeds and the seeds pass through two or three pipes with sharp ends. These ends enter into the soil and the seeds are placed there.

Broadcasting

In this process, the seeds are scattered on the seedbeds either mechanically or manually. The seeds should be spread uniformly. The seeds are then covered by planking. When there are a large number of seeds, the work is done using mechanical broadcasters. The seed rate is very high in this system.

Dibbling

Holes are made in the seedbeds and the seeds are placed in it. The seedbeds are then covered. The holes are made at definite depths. A dibbler is used for dibbling. It is a conical instrument that makes proper holes in the seedbed. This method is usually used to sow vegetables.

Drilling

The seeds are dropped into furrow lines in a continuous flow and are then covered with soil. This is done either mechanically or manually. The proper amount of seeds are sown at proper depths and proper spaces. Drilling can be done in the following ways:

  • Sowing behind the plough
  • Bullock-drawn seed drills
  • Tractor-drawn seeds drills

Seed Dropping behind the plough

This method is commonly used in villages to sow seeds like maize, peas, wheat, barley, and gram. Seeds are dropped in furrows behind the plough by a device known as malobansa. It comprises of a bamboo tube with a funnel-shaped mouth. It needs two men to drop the seeds. One handles the bullocks and the plough and the other drops the seeds. However, this method consumes a lot of time and is labour-intensive.

Transplanting

In this process, the seedlings are first planted in nurseries and then planted in the prepared fields. It is usually done to grow vegetables and flowers. A transplanter is used for the purpose. But, the process is time-consuming.

Hill Dropping

The seeds are dropped at regular spaces but not in a continuous manner.

Check Row Planting

The seeds are planted along straight parallel furrows. A check row planter is used for the method. The row-to-row and plant-to-plant distance is uniform.

Precautions while sowing seed

A few precautions need to be taken while sowing seeds.

  • Seeds must be planted at correct distances from each other.
  • Seeds should be sown such that all the crops should get equal amount of light, nutrients, and water.
  • Seeds should be sown at correct depths. They should neither be placed at the top of the soil so that it is blown away by wind and animals, nor should it be sown too deep into the soil such that it does not germinate.
  • The seeds should be disease free.

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