Indian Farmer Essay

500+ Words Essay on Indian Farmer

Farmers are the backbone of the Indian Economy. More than half of the Indian population relies on Agriculture as a source of income. Farmers not only make the country secure by providing food, fodder and other raw materials as feedstock for industries, but they also serve as a source of livelihood for the majority of the Indian population. Sadly, though farmers feed the entire population, they sometimes sleep without having their night meals. In this essay on an Indian Farmer, we will be discussing the role of farmers and the problems faced by them. Students must go through this CBSE essay to get ideas so they can write essays by themselves.

Importance and Role of Indian Farmers

Farmers are the soul of the nation. Agriculture is the only means of living for almost two-thirds of the employed class in India. Farmers produce crops, pulses and vegetables which are needed by everyone. They work extremely hard so we can have food on our table every day. So, whenever we have a meal or eat food, we should thank the farmer.

Farmers in India are the largest producer of pulses, rice, wheat, spices and spice products. They are also involved in other small businesses such as dairy, meat, poultry, fisheries, food grains etc. According to the Economic Survey 2020-2021, the share of agriculture in the gross domestic product (GDP) has reached almost 20 per cent. India has also emerged as the second-largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world.

Issues and Challenges of Indian Farmers and their Current Situation

Farmers face various issues and challenges related to agriculture. Some of them are poorly maintained irrigation systems and a lack of good extension services. Farmers’ access to markets is hampered by poor roads, rudimentary market infrastructure, and excessive regulation. India has inadequate infrastructure and services for farmers because of low investment. Most farmers hold small areas of land due to which they are restricted to use traditional methods of farming and limit productivity. Whereas farmers with large pieces of land implement modern agricultural techniques and boost productivity.

If small farmers want to increase their production, they have to use good quality seeds, proper irrigation systems, advanced tools and techniques of farming, pesticides, fertilizers etc. For all this, they need money, due to which they have no choice but to take debt or loans from banks. They have immense pressure to produce crops so as to yield profit. In case their crop fails, all their effort goes in vain. In fact, then they are not able to produce enough to even fill the stomachs of their families.


Change is happening in rural India but it still has a long way to go. Farmers have benefited from improved farming techniques but the growth is not equitable. The effort should be to stop the migration of farmers to urban areas. To make agriculture successful and profitable, it is vital that proper thrust be given to the improvement of the condition of marginal and small farmers.

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Frequently asked Questions on Indian farmer Essay


What is the role of farmers?

A person is someone who is engaged in agriculture and raising livestock for a living.


What is the latest bill that has been passed in India for farmers?

The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill is the newest bill passed for farmers in 2020.


Are there different types of farmers in India?

Yes, the main types of farmers in India are Marginal farmers, Small farmers and Semi-medium farmers.


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