500+ Words Ethics Essay
Ethics is one of the main branches of philosophy. The study of ethics helps in determining our intuitions about what is ‘right’ or ‘good’. Everyone of us experiences the good and bad in our life. We all have the capability to sense these feelings. The meaning of ethics can vary from person to person as it depends on one’s moral principles and interests. With the help of this ethics essay, students will get to know the meaning of ethics, its need and importance, how it can be developed, and ethics in the history of Indian philosophy. They can also get the list of CBSE Essays on different topics to boost their practice. Doing so will help them to participate in various essay writing competitions.
Meaning of Ethics
The word Ethics is derived from the Greek word ‘ethos’ which means character or conduct. It also refers to our character, habit, customs, ways of behaviour, etc. Ethics is also known as the “moral philosophy”.
Ethics is defined as the systematic study of human actions from the point of rightfulness or wrongfulness of a person. Ethics offers guidance to what humans ought to do, in terms of righteousness, obligations, fairness and specific virtues.
Need and Importance of Ethics
Daily we come across a variety of news related to corruption, bribery, food adulteration, kidnapping, violence, murder etc. People are accumulating wealth and gaining power through unfair means. This shows that there is a gradual erosion of values and ethics from the society. This is happening due to the lack of ethical values among people. If this continues, then it will lead to loss of life and damage to public property, breakdown of families, crime and corruption, alcohol and drug abuse, abuse of women, children and other vulnerable members of society, and indiscriminate use of resources. There will be total imbalance in the society, if we do not practise values and ethics. Crime and chaos will rule and life will become difficult. Hence, it becomes our responsibility to follow ethical values in every sphere of life.
How to Develop Ethical Values
Human Values and Ethics define the quality of a person or an organisation or society at large. Ethical values develop from early childhood. Important social skills and ethical values like caring, sharing, tolerance and empathy are all learnt at home. Moreover, we should practise values and ethics, and learn these lessons through self-initiated endeavours, through educational institutions, and through life experience. Building ethical values will make us humble and down to earth. It will give us positive energy and generate a positive attitude towards others.
Ethics in the History of Indian Philosophy
The foundation of Indian ethics can be found in the forms of worship which have been in practice since antiquity. They are rooted in ideals and principles that direct man’s life in the society towards harmony and well-being. Its beginnings can be traced to the Vedas, particularly to the Rig Veda. One of the central ethical concepts of the Rig Veda is ‘rta’, which has given rise to the concept of Dharma and the concept of karma. The concept of Dharma is generally known as duty. Whereas karma signifies the action of man, and the reward and punishment appropriate to their actions. Those who perform ceremonial duties laid down in the scriptures will achieve the goal of eternal happiness. The Bhagavad Gita, Ramayana, Mahabharata, and scores of texts on Buddhism and Jainism explain the essence of ethical teachings. They help man to live a peaceful life with harmony and compassion.
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