Today over half of the total paper used by humans is collected and recycled. Paper is considered to be the major component of solid waste and makes 50% of the garbage in landfills. Paper is recycled by taking it to the recycling plant where it is separated and then the separated paper is cleaned and washed with soap to break it down. After breaking down, it is exposed to heat and after some time it breaks down into cellulose. Recycle is an essential method to minimize waste accumulation and reduce pollution. We can recycle old newspapers, notebooks and used envelopes. Paper contaminated with food, carbon paper and stickers cannot be recycled.
Recycling of Paper
- Paper is collected from different garbage bins and is accumulated in a large garbage container.
- Then the paper is taken to the recycling plant where the paper is segregated into different grades.
- Papers in different grades are then washed with soap and water to remove ink, staples and glue. It is then mixed with water to create a slurry.
- On adding some specific materials and chemicals to the slurry, different paper products such as cardboard, office paper, etc. can be obtained.
- The slurry is then rolled into thin sheets using large rollers.
- Then the paper is exposed to heat for drying up and after that, it is cut into pieces and is made ready to use again.
There are three R’s to focus and maintain the environment and place clean:
Recycling is an excellent and cost-efficient way of conserving the environment and saving energy. One recycled bin can save enough energy to power a television for four hours. It takes 24 trees to produce one ton of paper. Recycled paper produces less pollution (approx 73%) as compared to preparing from raw materials. Recycling of used resources supports sustainable growth and must be followed religiously wherever possible so that the coming generations would have the same resources as us.
To follow more about recycling of paper, download Byju’s-the learning app. Also, learn about the impact of excessive use of plastics.