Uses of Minerals

Mineral is a chemical compound which has a definite chemical composition, inorganic and solid in nature. It is a naturally occuring compound. It is inorganic and has ordered internal structure. Mineralogy is the study of minerals. Gemstones like diamonds, emeralds and sapphires which are produced in industries are identical and hence are called man made minerals.

Let’s see some other uses of minerals

Uses of minerals

Mineral like copper is used in electrical equipments as it is good electrical conductor. Clay is used to make cement etc which helps in constructing roads. Fiberglass, cleaning agents are made by borax. Below are the uses of minerals in everyday life:

  • Uses of minerals in the body
  • Uses of metallic minerals
  • Economic uses of minerals

Uses of minerals in the body:

Calcium gives structure and strength to bones and teeth. It also helps in blood clotting, enzyme function, transfer signals to nervous system etc. Iron is required in transporting oxygen from lungs to other parts of the body. Foods rich in iron are eggs, dry fruits, red meat etc. Zinc plays a major role in the body’s immunity. It fights infections and various illness. Foods rich in zinc are beans, pork, peanuts etc.

Uses of metallic minerals:

Minerals which consists one or more than one metallic elements are called metallic minerals.. Leading producer of metallic minerals is Ontario. Gold, copper, silver, iron etc are some of the metal minerals

Economic uses of minerals:

Gold is used in computers and other electronics. It is also used in dentistry. Aluminium is used in beverage cans, aluminium foil, cosmetics etc. Graphite is used in machinery and pencils. Potassium is used in toothpaste and fertilizers

Above were the most common uses of minerals. Other applications are – used in constructing building, developing weapons for defence, machinery, making of jewellery, synthesising fertilizers etc.

This was a brief on uses of minerals in our daily life. To know more about the uses of minerals download the BYJU’S – the learning app.


Practise This Question

An atom which has mass number of 14 and has 8 neutrons is an