In costing techniques, two kinds of significant activities are called for. This is the grouping and assortment of expenditures based on cost components. One more is the designation or allocation and distribution or apportionment of the expenditure for both the cost unit and cost center. A bookkeeper needs to attest to the expense of various articles in the arrangement of cost bookkeeping. The expense community significance is one piece of the entire association to which the expense is charged. Actually, cost unit or unit cost alludes to a unit where cost is estimated or communicated. The choice of the appropriate expense community or cost unit is assessed depending on a few variables like the association of the production line, accessibility of data, size and design of the firm, the arrangement of costing, state of frequency, and others.

Meaning of Cost Center:

A cost center is a division, function, department, or capacity inside an association that doesn’t straightforwardly add to benefit or profit yet at the same time costs the association cash to operate. Cost centers just add to an organisation’s benefit by implication or indirectly, not at all like a profit center, which adds to profitability straightforwardly through its activities. Administrators of cost centers, for example, Accounting and Human Resources departments, are liable for keeping their expenses in line or underneath the financial plan or the budget plan.

Example for a Cost Center:

Cost centers incorporate an organisation’s Information Technology department, Human Resource department, and Accounting department. Manufacturing businesses ordinarily have a cost center for quality control. The client care focal point of a business just produces expenses or costs, for example, telephone expenses and staff salaries, and is in this way a cost center.

Cost centers shouldn’t be just about as extensive as divisions. Indeed, a department might have various cost centers inside it. A cost center might be any characterised group wherein the board tracks down benefits in isolating the expense of the group. For instance, a cost center might incorporate all costs identified with a particular quality improvement project, award grant, or occupation position. A drawback to having this fine degree of detail is the heavy necessities of data tracking that possibly offset the advantages of the information obtained.

Characteristics of a Cost Center:

  • A cost center is a capacity inside an association that doesn’t straightforwardly add to benefit yet at the same time costs cash to work, like the R and D, HR, or IT offices.
  • The primary utilisation of a cost center is to follow real costs for correlation with a spending plan or a budget plan.
  • A cost center, in a roundabout way, adds to an organisation’s benefit through functional excellence, client care, and upgrading the products and services’ value.
  • The director for a cost center is just answerable for keeping costs in accordance with the financial plan and doesn’t bear any obligation in regards to income or speculation choices.

Cost Unit:

A cost unit is characterised as the unit of service, time, movement, product, or mix according to which cost is assessed. At the time of setting up the cost proclamations, statements, and records, a specific unit is needed to be chosen. It assists with distinguishing the expense precisely and allot the different costs. It helps the expense estimation interaction of the organisation and advances correlation.

Example of a Cost Unit:

The cost unit of the steel business would be a ton, and the expense unit of the hotel business is a room. This is laid by the cost center.

There are both basic units and complex units in cost units. A basic unit addresses a solitary standard estimation like a per piece, per meter, per kilogram, and so on. A complex unit utilises a blend of two basic units like each per tonne-kilometre, kilowatt-hour, and so forth.

Difference Between a Cost Center and a Cost Unit:




Cost center definition identifies with the expense causing development or a piece of the firm that doesn’t contribute straightforwardly to the association’s income.

The cost unit is characterised as the quantifiable unit of the services and products with which the costs are related.


It offers a more extensive extent of the review.

It offers a limited extent of the review.


It assists with grouping and characterising cost centers.

It goes about as a standard mechanism for correlation and comparison.


It starts things out during the time spent on the cost examination.

It comes after the expense community.


There can be many cost centers regardless of whether one service or product is offered or produced.

There are distinctive unit costs for each product and service.


It is determined by the idea of the creation, size, and construction of the firm.

It is determined by the idea of the last result and current exchange rehearses.


The main capacity of the cost center is the following of costs related to a particular capacity. For example, when an organisation treats its client assistance focus as a different unit, it can gauge the amount it is spending after its support service. Without a cost center, it will require monstrous work to quantify the expense of providing this assistance. This will require parting the organisation’s total telephone bills by the office. An expense place smoothens the interaction, permitting the executives to gauge, spend, plan, and control costs for explicit capacities or specific functions the business performs. Cost center in cost bookkeeping and accounting assumes an imperative part in helping the administration in processing monetary achievement.

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