Demand is a financial rule or an economic principle alluding to a purchaser’s longing to buy products and services. Are eager or willing to purchase a particular service or a product. Holding any remaining variables or having other influential factors steady, an increase in the cost of a product or service will diminish the amount requested or demanded, and vice versa. Market demand is the absolute amount requested or demanded across all buyers for a particular product or service in a market. Total demand or aggregate demand is the total interest or demand of all products and services that are available in an economy.

Meaning of Inelastic Demand:

The demand is supposed to be inelastic when the demand for a particular product or service doesn’t change in light of the vacillations in cost or any changes in price. Such a demand isn’t sensitive to cost.

Products that are suitable for basic needs or necessities are the products that are inelastic in nature; for example, food, shelter, clothes, and so on, or the things to which individuals are dependent or an abuser to products like alcohol, cigarettes, and so forth, or the products that have no nearby substitutes like medicines. At the point when the request or demand for the given item is inelastic, then regardless of what the cost is, individuals won’t quit purchasing it. Similarly, assuming when the cost or the price falls, there won’t be any change in the amount requested by customers.

Meaning of Elastic Demand:

The request or demand that changes, as the cost for an item increases or diminishes, is known as price elasticity of demand or elastic demand. Such a demand is named price-sensitive demand.

It implies a little change in the cost of the item might prompt a more noteworthy change in the amount requested by the end-users. For example, on the off chance that the cost of an item is expanded or increased, the buyers will quit buying the product or service or change to the close substitutes or purchase less amount of the item, or they will trust that the costs will become normal in the near future. Then again, in the event that the value or the price drops, the shoppers or end-users will begin purchasing some greater amount of the item, or it will draw in a few additional clients.




Inelastic demand alludes to an adjustment of the cost of a product that has no or slight change in the amount requested or the quantity demanded.

At the point when a little change in the cost of an item brings about a significant change in the amount requested or the quantity demanded, it is known as elastic demand.


The shape of the curve is a steep one.

The shape of the curve is a shallow one.


Basic necessity products and services.

Luxury and comfort products and services.


Less than one.

More than or equal to one.


Total revenue and price move in the same direction.

Total revenue and price move in the opposite direction.


The elasticity of demand addresses the degree to which the fluctuations in the cost of a product or a service influence the amount requested or quantity demanded by customers. Products or services with no or less close substitutes have an inelastic demand. When contrasted with the products and services with countless substitutes, have an elastic demand in light of the fact that the customers change to various substitutes, assuming there is a little change in their costs.

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