Difference between Linear and Curvilinear Correlation

Meaning of Linear Correlation

Linear correlation is referred to as the measure of relationship between two random variables with value ranging from -1 and 1. It is proportional to the covariance and can be interpreted in the same way as covariance.

Linear correlation is also said to be based on a straight line relationship between two random variables.

Meaning of Curvilinear Correlation

Non-linear or Curvilinear correlation is said to occur when the ratio of change between two variables is not constant. It can happen that as the value of one variable increases, similarly the value of another variable increases. This will happen till a certain point, after which the increase in value of one variable will result in decrease in value of the other variable.

The graphical representation of a curvilinear correlation is said to be like an inverted U.

Linear and Curvilinear Correlation

Positive Correlation Negative Correlation
Two variables are said to have a positive correlation when they move in the same direction i.e. change occurs in them in the same direction.

i.e. ‘X’ ‘Y’ and ‘X’ ‘Y’

Example,

  1. The area under cultivation and Agricultural Production.
  2. Use of Manure & Increase in Output.
  3. Expenditure on Advertisement & Increase in Sales.
Two variables are said to have a negative correlation when they move in the opposite direction i.e. change occurs in them in the opposite direction.

i.e. ‘X’ ‘Y’ and ‘X’ ‘Y’

Example,

  1. Price of Onion and Quantity Demanded of Onion.
  2. Production of Vegetables and Prices of Vegetables.
  3. Time spent on Video Games & Marks in Exams.
Linear Correlation Curvilinear Correlation
There exists a linear correlation if the ratio of change in the two variables is constant.

  • If we plot these coordinates on a graph, we’ll get a straight line.

Linear Correlation

There exists a curvilinear correlation if the change in the variables is not constant.

  • If we plot these coordinates on a graph, we’ll get a curve.

Curvilinear Correlation

Simple, Partial & Multiple Correlation
Simple Correlation – When we consider only two variables and check the correlation between them it is said Simple Correlation. For example, radius and circumference of a circle.

Multiple Correlation – When we consider three or more variables for correlation, it is termed as Multiple Correlation. For example, Price of Cola Drink, Temperature, Income and Demand for Cola.

Partial Correlation – When one or more variables are kept constant and the relationship is studied between others, it is termed as Partial Correlation. For example, If we keep Price of Cola constant and check the correlation between Temperature and Demand for Cola, it is termed as Partial Correlation.

The above mentioned is the concept, that is elucidated in detail about the ‘difference between linear and curvilinear correlation’ for the class 11 Commerce students. To know more, stay tuned to BYJU’S.

1 Comment

  1. I have understood the difference, thanks

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *